Hani Esmaeelzadeh

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A fast start-up crystal oscillator using a precisely-timed energy injection technique is proposed. The prototype TSMC 65nm CMOS IC includes three different crystal oscillators, targeting 1.84MHz, 10MHz, and 50MHz frequencies with measured start-up times of 58μs, 10μs, and 2μs while consuming 6.7μW, 45.5μW, and 195μW(More)
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