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Heterozygous germ-line variants of DNA mismatch repair (MMR) genes predispose individuals to hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer. Several independent reports have shown that individuals constitutionally homozygous for MMR allelic variants develop early onset hematological malignancies often associated to features of neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1)(More)
Embryonic stem (ES) cell pluripotency and induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cell generation is dependent on a core transcriptional network and proper cell-cell adhesion mediated by E-cadherin (E-cad). Whereas E-cad is associated with pluripotency, N-cadherin (N-cad) expression is correlated with differentiation into mesodermal and neuroectodermal lineages. We(More)
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and mesenchymal-epithelial transition (MET) highlight crucial steps during embryogenesis and tumorigenesis. Induction of dramatic changes in gene expression and cell features is reflected by modulation of Cdh1 (E-cadherin) expression. We show that Cdh1 activity during MET is governed by two enhancers at +7.8 kb and at(More)
BACKGROUND Breast cancer is a remarkably heterogeneous disease. Luminal, basal-like, "normal-like", and ERBB2+ subgroups were identified and were shown to have different prognoses. The mechanisms underlying this heterogeneity are poorly understood. In our study, we explored the role of cellular differentiation and senescence as a potential cause of(More)
The function of sodium iodide symporter (Na(+)/I(-) symporter, or NIS) in mammary epithelial cells is essential for the accumulation of I(-) in milk; the newborn's first source of I(-) for thyroid hormone synthesis. Furthermore, increased mammary gland NIS expression has previously been shown in human breast cancer. Several hormones and factors including(More)
Activity of the sodium/iodide symporter (NIS) in lactating breast is essential for iodide (I(-)) accumulation in milk. Significant NIS upregulation was also reported in breast cancer, indicating a potential use of radioiodide treatment. All-trans-retinoic acid (tRA) is a potent ligand that enhances NIS expression in a subset of breast cancer cell lines and(More)
Cytokinetic abscission is the cellular process leading to physical separation of two postmitotic sister cells by severing the intercellular bridge. The most noticeable structural component of the intercellular bridge is a transient organelle termed as midbody, localized at a central region marking the site of abscission. Despite its major role in completion(More)
Iodide (I-) is an essential constituent of the thyroid hormones triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4), and the iodide concentrating mechanism of the thyroid gland is essential for the synthesis of these hormones. In addition, differential uptake of iodine isotopes (radioiodine) is a key modality for the diagnosis and therapy of thyroid cancer. The sodium(More)
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