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The intranuclear location of genomic loci and the dynamics of these loci are important parameters for understanding the spatial and temporal regulation of gene expression. Recently it has proven possible to visualize endogenous genomic loci in live cells by the use of transcription activator-like effectors (TALEs), as well as modified versions of the(More)
Nucleostemin (NS) is a nucleolar protein expressed in adult and embryo-derived stem cells, transformed cell lines, and tumors. NS decreases when proliferating cells exit the cell cycle, but it is unknown how NS is controlled, and how it participates in cell growth regulation. Here, we show that NS is down-regulated by the tumor suppressor p14(ARF) and that(More)
Determining the localization, binding partners, and secondary modifications of individual proteins is crucial for understanding protein function. Several tags have been constructed for protein localization or purification under either native or denaturing conditions, but few tags permit all three simultaneously. Here, we describe a multifunctional tandem(More)
We describe a transcription activator-like effector (TALE)-based strategy, termed "TALEColor," for labeling specific repetitive DNA sequences in human chromosomes. We designed TALEs for the human telomeric repeat and fused them with any of numerous fluorescent proteins (FPs). Expression of these TALE-telomere-FP fusion proteins in human osteosarcoma's(More)
Nucleostemin (NS) is a protein concentrated in the nucleolus of most stem cells and also in many tumor cells, which has been implicated in cell-cycle progression owing to its ability to modulate p53. Depletion of NS causes G(1) cell-cycle arrest, but its overexpression does so as well. Recently, this paradox has been clarified. NS overexpression causes a(More)
We report experiments on the connection between nucleolar stress and cell cycle progression, using HeLa cells engineered with the fluorescent ubiquitinylation-based cell cycle indicator. Nucleolar stress elicited by brief exposure of cells to a low concentration of actinomycin D that selectively inhibits rRNA synthesis had no effect on traverse of G1 or S,(More)
Nucleostemin (NS) is expressed in the nucleoli of adult and embryonic stem cells and in many tumors and tumor-derived cell lines. In coimmunoprecipitation experiments, nucleostemin is recovered with the tumor suppressor p53, and more recently we have demonstrated that nucleostemin exerts its role in cell cycle progression via a p53-dependent pathway. Here,(More)
A lack of techniques to image multiple genomic loci in living cells has limited our ability to investigate chromosome dynamics. Here we describe CRISPRainbow, a system for labeling DNA in living cells based on nuclease-dead (d) Cas9 combined with engineered single guide RNA (sgRNA) scaffolds that bind sets of fluorescent proteins. We demonstrate(More)
Knowledge of an individual protein's modifications, binding partners, and localization is essential for understanding complex biological networks. We recently described a fluorescent protein-based (mVenus) multifunctional affinity purification (MAP) tag that can be used both to purify a given protein and determine its localization (Ma et al., Mol Cell(More)
The bacterial CRISPR-Cas9 system has been repurposed for genome engineering, transcription modulation, and chromosome imaging in eukaryotic cells. However, the nuclear dynamics of clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)-associated protein 9 (Cas9) guide RNAs and target interrogation are not well defined in living cells. Here, we(More)
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