Hangjun Wang

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Cytokines derived from lymphocytes are believed to play key roles in a variety of diseases, including airway diseases such as asthma. The current study was designed to evaluate the hypothesis that cytokines derived from Th2 cells, interleukin (IL)-4 and IL-13, might contribute to tissue remodeling by modulating the production of transforming growth factor(More)
Asthma is characterized by chronic inflammation of the airway wall with the presence of activated T helper 2 (Th2) lymphocytes. The current study assessed the ability of Th2 cytokines to modulate fibroblast-mediated contraction of collagen gels to determine if Th2 cytokines could contribute to tissue remodeling by altering mesenchymal cell contraction.(More)
Therapies that mitigate the fibrotic process may be able to slow progressive loss of function in many lung diseases. Because cyclic adenosine monophosphate is known to regulate fibroblasts, the current study was designed to evaluate the activity of selective phosphodiesterase (PDE) inhibitors on two in vitro fibroblast responses: chemotaxis and contraction(More)
BACKGROUND Extended culture of monocytes and fibroblasts in three-dimensional collagen gels leads to degradation of the gels (see linked study in this issue, "Fibroblasts and monocytes contract and degrade three-dimensional collagen gels in extended co-culture"). The current study, therefore, was designed to evaluate production of matrix-degrading(More)
Cigarette smoke exposure has been associated with a variety of diseases, including emphysema. The current study evaluated the interaction of cell density and cigarette smoke extract (CSE) on fibroblast contraction of collagen gels. Protein levels of transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta1, fibronectin, PGE(2), and TGF-beta1 mRNA were quantified. Although(More)
Cigarette smoke, the major risk factor for the development of emphysema, contains over 4,700 chemical compounds, including free radicals and other oxidants (10(14)/puff). An imbalance between oxidants and antioxidants has been proposed in the pathogenesis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Inhibition of repair processes has been suggested to be one(More)
BACKGROUND Inflammatory cells are believed to play a prominent role during tissue repair and remodeling. Since repair processes develop and mature over extended time frames, the present study was designed to evaluate the effect of monocytes and fibroblasts in prolonged culture in three-dimensional collagen gels. METHODS Blood monocytes from healthy donors(More)
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