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BACKGROUND The development of collateral circulation plays an important role in protecting tissues from ischemic damage, and its stimulation has emerged as one of principal approaches to therapeutic angiogenesis. Clinical observations have documented substantial differences in the extent of collateralization among patients with coronary artery disease(More)
Inflammatory markers have consistently been associated with vascular disease. Evidence of genetic polymorphisms in inflammatory loci that predict severe carotid artery disease (CAAD) would suggest that this relationship is not secondary to other correlated factors, but related to inflammation itself. We examined the full common genetic variation in 42(More)
OBJECTIVE We attempted to elucidate possible pathogenetic mechanisms in scleroderma by analysis of gene expression patterns of purified monocytes and lymphocytes, as well as protein profiles of cytokines and growth factors. METHODS Expression analysis was performed on messenger RNA (mRNA) from cells that had been purified with magnetic beads. Plasma(More)
Cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) and natural killers (NK) cells provide immune surveillance against viruses and neoplasms, and play a central role in the pathogenesis of autoimmune disease, AIDS and graft rejection. Thus, it is important to understand the precise molecular mechanism(s) whereby cytotoxic lymphocytes destroy susceptible target cells.(More)
Multiple TLR agonists have been shown to have antitumor effects in animal models. However, the therapeutic efficacy of TLR agonist monotherapy in cancer treatment has been limited, and the mechanisms of failure remain unknown. We demonstrate that topical treatment with a TLR-7 agonist, imiquimod, can elicit significant regression of spontaneous breast(More)
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