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This document captures scope of the Multi-hop System Evaluation Methodology including the Channel Model, Traffic Model and Performance Metrics. This document is a Task Group document to which the harmonized contribution document C802.16j-06/042r2 has been converted as one of the baseline documents defined during the 2 nd Relay TG in session #44. Purpose(More)
The most critical attribute of human language is its unbounded combinatorial nature: smaller elements can be combined into larger structures on the basis of a grammatical system, resulting in a hierarchy of linguistic units, such as words, phrases and sentences. Mentally parsing and representing such structures, however, poses challenges for speech(More)
In decision from experience, the source of probability information affects how probability is distorted in the decision task. Understanding how and why probability is distorted is a key issue in understanding the peculiar character of experience-based decision. We consider how probability information is used not just in decision-making but also in a wide(More)
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infections play an important role in the development of cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The pathogenesis of HBV-related HCC, however, has not been fully described. Evidence suggests that the HBV X protein (HBx) plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of HCC. The high occurrence of anti-HBx antibody in the serum of HCC(More)
Working memory is important for a wide range of high-level cognitive activities. Previous studies have shown that the dorsal lateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) plays a critical role in working memory and that behavioral training of working memory can alter the activity of DLPFC. However, it is unclear whether the activation in the DLPFC can be self-regulated(More)
NDN Forwarding Daemon (NFD) is a network forwarder that implements the Named Data Networking (NDN) protocol. NFD is designed with modularity and extensibility in mind to enable easy experiments with new protocol features, algorithms , and applications for NDN. To help developers extend and improve NFD, this document explains NFD's internals including the(More)
Massively parallel computation in GPUs significantly boosts performance of compute-intensive applications but creates power and thermal issues that limit further performance scaling. This paper demonstrates significant GPGPU power savings by relaxing application accuracy requirements and enabling the use of low power imprecise hardware (IHW). A synthesized(More)
Beta-catenin is a multifunctional protein acting as a key factor in the cadherin-mediated cell-cell adhesion system and in the Wnt signaling pathway. To demonstrate the molecular mechanisms of metastasis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells, we established a metastatic subclone of human HCC H7402 cells, termed M-H7402, by isolating from transplantation(More)
Graphene is nature's thinnest elastic material and displays exceptional mechanical and electronic properties. Ripples are an intrinsic feature of graphene sheets and are expected to strongly influence electronic properties by inducing effective magnetic fields and changing local potentials. The ability to control ripple structure in graphene could allow(More)
The technique of minimally invasive pancreatic surgeries has evolved rapidly, including minimally invasive pancreaticoduodenectomy (MIPD). However, controversy on safety and feasibility remains when comparing the MIPD with the open pancreaticoduodenectomy (OPD); therefore, we aimed to compare MIPD and OPD with a systemic review and meta-analysis. Multiple(More)