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1. The responses of single nucleus of the solitary tract (NST) neurons in the hamster were recorded to an array of Na+ and non-Na+ stimuli under each of three adaptation conditions: distilled H2O, 0.032 M NaCl, and 10 microM amiloride. Each adapting solution flowed for 60 s before delivery of one of seven test stimuli: 0.032 M NaCl, NaNO3, and Na-gluconate,(More)
Angiotensin II (50 ng/5 microl) and L-NAME (250 microg/5 microl), an inhibitor of NO synthase (NOS), were administered intracerebroventricularly alone or in combination to conscious rats. Mean arterial blood pressure (MABP) increased reaching a peak within 5 min in all groups compared to controls treated with the vehicle, artificial CSF (5 microl). MABP(More)
There is increasing evidence, both electrophysiological and behavioral, that bitter and sweet stimuli drive parallel pathways in the gustatory brainstem. Here we report two lines of investigation that suggest significant interactions among these parallel systems. First, responses recorded from single cells in the hamster's parabrachial nuclei (PbN) show(More)
Intracerebroventricular (I.C.V.) administration of an inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) increases oxytocin but not vasopressin secretion, in dehydrated rats [38]. Surprisingly, central injection of L-arginine, the substrate for NOS, caused a similar effect. Kyotorphin (L-tyrosyl-L-arginine), a dipeptide formed from L-arginine by kyotorphin synthetase(More)
Intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) injection of the inhibitor of NO synthase (NOS), N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) (250 microg/5 microL) attenuated the drinking response in rats deprived of water for 24 h. Moreover, oxytocin (OT) levels in plasma increased after 2 min, whereas both oxytocin and vasopressin levels were elevated at 120 min after(More)
Grape seed procyanidins (GSPCs) are bioflavonoid polymers that have been shown to have health benefits. We assessed the antidiabetic effect of GSPC in mice. Mice with streptozotocin(STZ)-induced diabetes were orally or intrape-ritoneally administered saline or 40-100 mg GSPC/kg BW daily for 7-10 d. We monitored body weight, blood glucose levels, amounts of(More)
The drinking behavior and blood pressure responses to i.c.v. administration of artificial cerebrospinal fluid (aCSF) or NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME, 10, 250, or 500 micrograms), an inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase, were examined in conscious rats following either osmotic stimulation (1.0 M NaCl, 15 ml/kg, s.c.) or induction of hemorrhage (0.7(More)
Inhibiting NO synthase (NOS) with N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME, 250 microg/5 microl of artificial cerebrospinal fluid (aCSF)) injected intracerebroventricularly (i.c.v.) increased already enhanced levels of oxytocin, but not vasopressin, in conscious adult male Sprague-Dawley rats dehydrated for 24 h. Intracerebroventricular pretreatment with(More)
Central inhibition of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) by intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) administration of NG-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME; 150 microg/5 microl) to conscious rats produced a biphasic pressor response characterized by an initial transient increase within 5 min, and a delayed response starting between 60-90 min. The effect was(More)
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