Haneulnari Lee

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Cytokine responses to microbes are triggered by pattern recognition receptors, such as Toll-like receptors (TLRs), which sense pathogen-associated molecular patterns. Cell wall-associated triacylated lipoproteins in Staphylococcus aureus are known to be native TLR2 ligands that mediate host inflammatory responses against S. aureus. However, the mechanism by(More)
BACKGROUND Intraportal islet transplantation (ITx) causes instant blood-mediated inflammatory reaction (IBMIR), resulting in an early loss of transplanted islets. Porcine islets, transplanted intraportally into nonhuman primates (NHPs), induce complement activation, contributing to the development of IBMIR; however, the exact mechanism is not clear. (More)
BACKGROUND Intravascular thrombosis and systemic coagulation abnormalities are major hurdles to successful xenotransplantation and are signs of acute humoral rejection. Increased expression of tissue factor (TF) is associated with the development of microvascular thrombosis in xenografts. To develop an effective strategy to prevent accelerated coagulation(More)
BACKGROUND To understand humoral responses elicited after xenotransplantation, we compared the induction of anti-non-Gal antibodies vs. anti-Gal antibodies in non-human primates (NHPs) after intraportal porcine islet transplantation (PITX). METHODS Anti-Gal and anti-non-Gal IgGs were analyzed in serial plasma samples of NHP recipients after PITX by(More)
BACKGROUND Anti-Gal is a major antibody induced in non-human primates (NHPs) after xenotransplantation. To understand the mechanism of graft rejection, we investigated the association between anti-Gal responses and graft failure in NHP recipients of porcine islet transplantation (PITx). METHODS Intraportal PITx was performed in 35 diabetic NHPs, and graft(More)
BACKGROUND Several immunosuppression (IS) regimens achieve long-term graft survival in non-human primates (NHPs) after porcine islet transplantation (PITx), but their success rates vary. To understand the mechanism of graft loss, we investigated the relationships between graft survival and humoral or inflammatory responses for maintenance IS in NHPs after(More)
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