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The Chlamydomonas reinhardtii starch-less mutant, BAF-J5, was found to store lipids up to 65% of dry cell weight when grown photoheterotrophically and subjected to nitrogen starvation. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy was used as a high-throughput method for semi-quantitative measurements of protein, carbohydrate and lipid content. The fatty acids of(More)
The unicellular soil-freshwater alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii was found to secrete substances that mimic the activity of the N-acyl-L-homoserine lactone (AHL) signal molecules used by many bacteria for quorum sensing regulation of gene expression. More than a dozen chemically separable but unidentified substances capable of specifically stimulating the(More)
An efficient plant regeneration system from leaf-derived callus in 6 genotypes of Avena sativa L. has been established. Regenerable callus was induced in the basal 1–2 mm region of 2 to 5 day old seedlings. Plants were regenerated from the regenerable callus and grown to maturity. The frequency of regenerable callus formation and plant regeneration was(More)
We tested whether proteome reference maps established for one species can be used for cross-species protein identification by comparing two-dimensional protein gel patterns and protein identification data of two closely related bacterial strains and four plant species. First, proteome profiles of two strains of the fully sequenced bacterium Sinorhizobium(More)
Quorum sensing (QS) in Sinorhizobium meliloti, the N-fixing bacterial symbiont of Medicago host plants, involves at least half a dozen different N-acyl homoserine lactone (AHL) signals and perhaps an equal number of AHL receptors. The accumulation of 55 proteins was found to be dependent on SinI, the AHL synthase, and/or on ExpR, one of the AHL receptors.(More)
Chinese kale, a vegetable of the cruciferous family, is a popular crop in southern China and Southeast Asia due to its high glucosinolate content and nutritional qualities. However, there is little research on the molecular genetics and genes involved in glucosinolate metabolism and its regulation in Chinese kale. In this study, we sequenced and(More)
Many behaviors in bacteria, including behaviors important to pathogenic and symbiotic interactions with eukaryotic hosts, are regulated by a mechanism called quorum sensing (QS). A "quorum-quenching" approach was used here to identify QS-regulated behaviors in the N-fixing bacterial symbiont Sinorhizobium meliloti. The AiiA lactonase from Bacillus produced(More)
NolR is a regulator of nodulation genes present in species belonging to the genera Rhizobium and Sinorhizobium. The expression of the nolR gene in Sinorhizobium meliloti AK631 was investigated in relation to stage of growth, availability of nutrients, and different environmental stimuli using the nolR::lacZ fusion report system. It has been shown that the(More)
Proteome analysis revealed that two long-chain N-acyl homoserine lactones (AHLs) produced by Sinorhizobium meliloti 1021 induced significant differences in the accumulation of more than 100 polypeptides in early-log-phase cultures of the wild type. Fifty-six of the corresponding proteins have been identified by peptide mass fingerprinting. The proteins(More)
R-prime plasmids were constructed from a derivative of Rhizobium strain NGR234 (ANU280) and were shown to contain overlapping genomic DNA segments involved in biosynthesis of exopolysaccharides (EPS). The R-primes originally constructed carried the mutant allele from Tn5-induced EPS-deficient (Exo−) mutant ANU2811. This plasmid-located mutant allele was(More)