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The NHA1 gene of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, transcribed into a 3.5 kb mRNA, encodes a protein mediating Na+ and K+ efflux through the plasma membrane that is required for alkali cation tolerance at acidic pH. Deletion of the gene in a wild-type strain resulted in higher sensitivity to both K+ and Na+ at acidic pH. Measurements of cation loss in strains(More)
Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells possess an alkali metal cation antiporter encoded by the NHA1 gene. Nha1p is unique in the family of yeast Na+/H+ antiporters on account of its broad substrate specificity (Na+, Li+, K+) and its long C-terminus (56% of the whole protein). In order to study the role of the C-terminus in Nha1p function, we constructed a series(More)
The maintenance of appropriate intracellular concentrations of alkali metal cations, principally K(+) and Na(+), is of utmost importance for living cells, since they determine cell volume, intracellular pH, and potential across the plasma membrane, among other important cellular parameters. Yeasts have developed a number of strategies to adapt to large(More)
The NHA1 gene (2958 nt) encoding a putative Na(+)/H(+) antiporter (986 aa) in Saccharomyces cerevisiae was cloned by selection based on increased NaCl tolerance. The putative protein is highly similar to sodium/proton antiporters from Schizosaccharomyces pombe (gene sod2), and Zygosaccharomyces rouxii (gene Z-SOD2). Overexpression of the NHA1 gene results(More)
The functional expression of the mouse Kir2.1 potassium channel in yeast cells lacking transport systems for potassium and sodium efflux (ena1-4delta nha1delta) resulted in increased cell sensitivity to high external concentrations of potassium. The phenotype depended on the level of Kir2.1 expression and on the external pH. The activity of Kir2.1p in the(More)
In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, TRK1 and TRK2 genes encode partially redundant K+ transporters. Direct involvement in K+ uptake has been shown for Trk1p since cells growing under limiting environmental K+ concentrations demand its presence. The biological role of Trk2p is less understood. In our experiments, TRK2 overexpression improved the ability of trk1(More)
The yeast Zygosaccharomyces rouxii is known for its high tolerance to osmotic stress, which is thought to be caused by sets of specific genes. Relatively few Z. rouxii genes have been identified so far, all of them having homologues in Saccharomyces cerevisiae; none of them was Z. rouxii-specific. Most of the known Z. rouxii genes were isolated from two(More)
Cationic amphipathic drugs, such as amiodarone, interact preferentially with lipid membranes to exert their biological effect. In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, toxic levels of amiodarone trigger a rapid influx of Ca(2+) that can overwhelm cellular homeostasis and lead to cell death. To better understand the mechanistic basis of antifungal activity, we(More)
The Nha1 antiporter is involved in regulation of intracellular pH in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We report that deletion of the NHA1 gene resulted in an increase of cytoplasmic pH in cells suspended in water or acidic buffers. Addition of KCl or NaCl to exponentially growing cells lowered the internal pH but the difference between cells with or without NHA1(More)