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Transgenic mice were generated to express a restrictive cardiomyopathy (RCM) human cardiac troponin I (cTnI) R192H mutation in the heart (cTnI(193His) mice). The objective of this study was to assess cardiac function during the development of diastolic dysfunction and to gain insight into the pathophysiological impact of the RCM cTnI mutation. Cardiac(More)
Corresponding to the synchronized contraction of the myocardium and rhythmic pumping function of the heart, a single form of cardiac troponin T (cTnT) is present in the adult cardiac muscle of humans and most other vertebrate species. Alternative splicing variants of cTnT are found in failing human hearts and animal dilated cardiomyopathies. Biochemical(More)
BACKGROUND The differential adaptations of cerebrovasculature and small mesenteric arteries could be one of critical factors in postspaceflight orthostatic intolerance, but the cellular mechanisms remain unknown. We hypothesize that there is a differential regulation of intracellular Ca(2+) determined by the alterations in the functions of plasma membrane(More)
Circadian rhythms are approximate 24-h oscillations in physiology and behavior. Circadian rhythm disruption has been associated with increased incidence of hypertension, coronary artery disease, dyslipidemia, and other cardiovascular pathologies in both humans and animal models. Mice lacking the core circadian clock gene, brain and muscle aryl hydrocarbon(More)
We previously reported that a restrictive N-terminal truncation of cardiac troponin I (cTnI-ND) is up-regulated in the heart in adaptation to hemodynamic stresses. Over-expression of cTnI-ND in the hearts of transgenic mice revealed functional benefits such as increased relaxation and myocardial compliance. In the present study, we investigated the(More)
Objective. To observe the dynamic changes in tetanic tension in 4-week tail-suspended rat soleus (SOL) and extensor digitorum longus muscle (EDL) and to elucidate its underlying mechanisms. Method. After 4 weeks of tail suspension SOL and EDL of the rats were isolated and perfused. Their isometric twitch and tetanic tensions were recorded. Result. Atrophy(More)
Carbonic anhydrase III (CAIII) is a metabolic enzyme and a regulator for intracellular pH. CAIII has been reported with high level expression in slow twitch skeletal muscles. Here we demonstrate that CAIII is expressed in multiple slow and fast twitch muscles of adult mouse independent of the expression of myosin isoforms. Expressing similar fast type of(More)
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