Learn More
OBJECTIVES To assess the prevalence and risk factors of HIV among male clients of female sex workers (FSWs) in China. METHODS Convenience sampling methods were used to recruit 315 clients using FSW-client and client-client networks. Subjects provided information on sociodemographic characteristics and sexual and drug behavior patterns. Blood samples were(More)
BACKGROUND Male clients of female sex workers (FSWs) serve as a potential bridge of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) to the general population. Little is known about the characteristics and risk factors for HIV infection among male clients patronizing FSWs in Hekou County, Yunnan Province in southern China bordering with Vietnam. METHODS Male clients(More)
Little is known about the effects of non-injection drug use (NIDU) on HIV antiretroviral treatment outcomes. We conducted a systematic literature search and identified nine publications from prospective cohort studies investigating the relationship between NIDU and clinical HIV disease progression. Hazard ratios from studies estimating the effect of drug(More)
Illicit drug abuse and HIV/AIDS have increased rapidly in the past 10 to 20 years in China. This paper reviews drug abuse in China, the HIV/AIDS epidemic and its association with injection drug use (IDU), and Chinese policies on illicit drug abuse and prevention of HIV/AIDS based on published literature and unpublished official data. As a major drug(More)
BACKGROUND Little is known about risk of HIV and other STDs among men who have sex with men (MSM) in China. OBJECTIVE To survey the prevalence and risk factors of HIV and syphilis and evaluate correlation of two infections among MSM in the Chinese capital city. METHODS A community-based sample of 526 MSM was recruited in 2005 through Internet(More)
The association of contraceptive methods, including oral contraceptives (OC), intrauterine devices (IUD) and tubal sterilization (TS), with overall and site-specific cancer were prospectively investigated in a cohort of 66,661 Chinese women in Shanghai, 76.7% of whom used contraception. During a median follow-up time of 7.5 years, 2,250 women were diagnosed(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the incidence rates of HIV, hepatitis C virus (HCV), and hepatitis B virus (HBV) among injection drug users (IDU) in a drug trafficking city in southwest China. DESIGN A prospective cohort study. METHODS A cohort of 333 HIV-seronegative IDU was followed for 36 months from November 2002 and evaluated every 6 months for(More)
BACKGROUND The coverage of HIV testing among Chinese men who have sex with men (MSM) remains low after the scale-up of free HIV testing at government-sponsored testing sites. We evaluated the feasibility of home-based HIV self-testing and the willingness to be HIV tested at community-based organizations (CBO). METHODS We recruited MSM via on-line(More)
Clarifying the relationship between illicit drug use and HIV-1 virologic suppression requires characterization of both illicit drug use activity and adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART). We developed a rapid clinical questionnaire to assess prior 7-day illicit drug use and ART adherence in a cross-sectional study among 1777 HIV-infected persons in(More)
BACKGROUND In light of China's unique ethnic and sociocultural context, and a marked rise in HIV prevalence among MSM, it is important to determine prevalence, genotypes and predictors of anal human papillomavirus (HPV) among HIV-infected and uninfected men who have sex with men (MSM) in Beijing, China. METHODS In 2010-2011, we recruited MSM (age range(More)