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Internet coordinate systems embed Round-Trip-Times (RTTs) between Internet nodes into some geometric space so that unmeasured RTTs can be estimated using distance computation in that space. If accurate, such techniques would allow us to predict Internet RTTs without extensive measurements. The published techniques appear to work very well when accuracy is(More)
Round trip times (RTTs) play an important role in Internet measurements. In this paper, we explore some of the ways in which routing policies impact RTTs. In particular, we investigate how routing policies for both intra-and inter-domain routing can naturally give rise to violations of the triangle inequality with respect to RTTs. Triangle Inequality(More)
From mid-July to the end of August 2005, a total of 215 cases of human Streptococcus suis infections, 66 of which were laboratory confirmed, were reported in Sichuan, China. All infections occurred in backyard farmers who were directly exposed to infection during the slaughtering process of pigs that had died of unknown causes or been killed for food(More)
Four cases of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) that occurred from December 16, 2003, to January 8, 2004, in the city of Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, China, were investigated. Clinical specimens collected from these patients were tested by provincial and national laboratories in China as well as members of the World Health Organization SARS(More)
This paper presents a new technique for noise cancellation and signal separation, which is capable of identifying channel dynamics in real time, removing noise effectively, and separating source signals by reconfiguring signal transmission channels during different phases of source signals. This method is motivated by extracting authentic heart and lung(More)
An outbreak of Streptococcus suis serotype 2 emerged in the summer of 2005 in Sichuan Province, and sporadic infections occurred in 4 additional provinces of China. In total, 99 S. suis strains were isolated and analyzed in this study: 88 isolates from human patients and 11 from diseased pigs. We defined 98 of 99 isolates as pulse type I by using(More)
NETosis, the process wherein neutrophils release highly decondensed chromatin called neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs), has gained much attention as an alternative means of killing bacteria. In vivo, NETs are induced by bacteria and pro-inflammatory cytokines. We have reported that peptidylarginine deiminase 4 (PAD4), an enzyme that converts Arg or(More)
Cognitive Radio is considered as a potential solution to improve spectrum utilization via opportunistic spectrum sharing. In this paper, we present a software testbed which is developed to implement the cognitive radio system. The basic functions of cognitive radio are explored and implemented, including spectrum sensing and dynamic spectrum management. The(More)
Massive numbers of palm civets were culled to remove sources for the reemergence of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in Guangdong Province, China, in January 2004, following SARS coronavirus detection in market animals. The virus was identified in all 91 palm civets and 15 raccoon dogs of animal market origin sampled prior to culling, but not in(More)
Noises are one of the key obstacles in applying continuous monitoring and computer-assisted analysis of respiratory sounds in operating rooms. This paper introduces a new methodology for extracting authentic lung sounds from a noisy environment. This methodology utilizes the unique feature of time-split stages in breathing sounds, rather than frequency(More)