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The expression pattern of mRNA encoding two orexin receptors (OX1R and OX2R) in the rat brain was examined. OX1R and OX2R exhibited marked differential distribution. Within the hypothalamus, OX1R mRNA is most abundant in the ventromedial hypothalamic nucleus whereas OX2R is predominantly expressed in the paraventricular nucleus. High levels of OX1R mRNA(More)
Growth hormone release is under tight control by two hypothalamic hormones: growth hormone-releasing hormone and somatostatin. In addition, synthetic growth hormone secretagogues have also been shown to regulate growth hormone release through the growth hormone secretagogue receptor (GHS-R), suggesting the existence of an additional physiological regulator(More)
BACKGROUND The H3K4 demethylase retinoblastoma binding protein 2 (RBP2) is involved in the pathogenesis of gastric cancer, but its role and regulation in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is unknown. We determined the function of RBP2 and its regulation in HCC in vitro and in human tissues. METHODS We analyzed gene expression in 20 specimens each of human(More)
The tubby mouse is characterized by an autosomal recessive mutation which results in the development of maturity-onset obesity and sensorineural hearing loss and retinal degeneration. Although the tubby mutation which leads to a splicing defect of the tub gene has been identified recently, the mechanism by which it causes the obesity syndrome has not been(More)
Leptin plays an important role in the control of food intake and energy metabolism by interacting with its receptor (OB-R) in the brain. Several alternatively spliced isoforms of OB-R have been identified. To study the expression patterns and the potential biological function of these OB-Rs in the brain, the distribution of mRNA encoding OB-R isoforms was(More)
Alterations of hypothalamic neuropeptide Y(NPY) and melanocortinergic functions in diet-induced obese (DIO) C57BL/6J mice were investigated by in situ hybridization. Compared with controls, the DIO mice displayed a profound induction (approximately 40-fold) of NPY expression in the dorsomedial (DMH) and ventromedial (VMH) hypothalamic nuclei, whereas the(More)
Extra-pancreatic metastasis is a difficult problem for surgical intervention in pancreatic cancer. CXC chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) was considered to have an important role in this process. We hypothesized it may contribute to the pancreatic cancer progression through influencing canonical Wnt pathway. The purpose of this study was to examine the functional(More)
N-Methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors mediate excitatory synaptic transmission in the central nervous system and play important roles in synaptic development and plasticity, but also mediate glutamate neurotoxicity. Recently, 2-naphthoic acid (NPA) and its derivatives have been identified as allosteric, noncompetitive NMDA receptor inhibitors. The(More)
  • Panos J Antsaklis, Bill Goodwine, Vijay Gupta, Michael J Mccourt, Yue Wang, Po Wu +3 others
  • 2013
In cyberphysical systems, where compositionality of design is an important requirement, passivity and dissipativity based design methods have shown a lot of promise. Although these concepts are classical, their application to cyberphysical systems poses new and interesting challenges. The aim of this paper is to summarize some of the ongoing work in this(More)
To study the effect of NPY deletion on the regulation of its receptors in the NPY knockout (NPY KO) mice, the expression and binding of NPY receptors were investigated by in situ hybridization and receptor autoradiography using (125)I-[Leu(31),Pro(34)]PYY and (125)I-PYY(3-36) as radioligands. A 6-fold increase in Y2 receptor mRNA was observed in the CA1(More)