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OBJECTIVE To investigate whether levetiracetam (LTC) alters corticospinal excitability in humans. BACKGROUND Although the antiepileptic activity of LTC is well recognized, its mechanism of action has yet to be determined. Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) has been used to investigate the pharmacologic effects of various antiepileptic drugs on human(More)
PURPOSE The overactive bladder (OAB) syndrome is characterized by urgency usually with frequency and nocturia. Tamsulosin, α(1)-adrenergic receptor antagonist, is widely used to reduce symptoms of urinary obstruction and prostatic hyperplasia. Tamsulosin can across the blood-brain barrier. We investigated the effects of tamsulosin on the symptoms of OAB in(More)
Alien Hand Syndrome is defined as unwilled, uncontrollable, but seemingly purposeful movements of an upper limb. Two major criteria for the diagnosis are complaint of a foreign limb and complex, autonomous, involuntary motor activity that is not part of an identifiable movement disorder. After a cerebrovascular accident in the corpus callosum, the parietal,(More)
We investigated the influence of self-paced, phasic voluntary hand movement on the excitability of the ipsilateral motor cortex. Single- and paired-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) was applied to the right motor cortex triggered by EMG onset of self-paced movements of individual right hand fingers at intervals ranging from 13 to 2,000 ms. Motor(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate cortical regions related to voluntary blinking. METHODS Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) was applied to the facial motor cortex (M1) and the midline frontal region (Fz) in 10 healthy subjects with eyes opened and closed. Motor-evoked potentials were recorded from the orbicularis oculi (OOC), orbicularis oris (OOR), abductor(More)
Conservation of the ipsilateral upper limb function is important in stroke subjects with contralateral hemiplegia, because often it must serve as a compensatory tool for activities of daily livings (ADLs). However, the amount of functional loss and/or the recovery pattern of the ipsilateral upper limb are not well known. We plan to investigate how to(More)
OBJECTIVE The motor cortex may be subject to tonic inhibitory drive. One inhibitory mechanism is supported by activity at benzodiazepine (BZP) receptors. In this study we investigate whether or not the BZP antagonist, flumazenil, increases cortical motor excitability in humans. METHODS Eight healthy subjects received a 1 mg intravenous (i.v.) loading dose(More)
We report a case of ureteral migration of a surgical clip after partial nephrectomy in which the clip was misdiagnosed as a ureteral stone. A 37-year-old woman had undergone laparoscopic partial nephrectomy of right renal cell carcinoma at another hospital 2 years previously. Postoperatively, she had gradually acquired lower urinary tract symptoms. Then,(More)
PURPOSE Dendritic cell (DC)-based tumor vaccine is an attractive modality for the treatment of hormone-refractory prostate cancer (HRPC) because it has some efficacy and few side effects in patients with poor general conditions. The aim of this study was to establish which is the most effective DC vaccine for the treatment of HRPC. We compared DC vaccine(More)
BACKGROUND The human motor cortex (M1) has a role in motor learning. Antiepileptic drugs that suppress M1 excitability may affect learning, presumably by inhibiting long-term potentiation. Levetiracetam, a new antiepileptic drug with a unique preclinical profile, also suppresses M1 excitability, but in a way that is different from other antiepileptic drugs.(More)