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The crop simulation model is a suitable tool for evaluating the potential impacts of climate change on crop production and on the environment. This study investigates the effects of climate change on paddy rice production in the temperate climate regions under the East Asian monsoon system using the CERES-Rice 4.0 crop simulation model. This model was first(More)
BACKGROUND Traumatic rupture of the diaphragm is an unusual type of trauma. In addition, it is difficult to diagnose because it can be accompanied by injuries to other organs. If it is not detected early, the mortality rate can increase due to serious complications. Diaphragmatic rupture is an important indicator of the severity of the trauma. The aim of(More)
The level of excision repair cross-complementing 1 (ERCC1) gene expression, which is important in the repair of the cisplatin-DNA adducts, is reported to be related to the level of cisplatin resistance in tumor cells. Therefore, ERCC1 is an attractive target to confer increased cellular sensitivity to cisplatin-based chemotherapy. We designed, synthesized,(More)
An increase in atmospheric CO(2) concentration ( [CO(2)]) is generally expected to enhance photosynthesis and biomass. Rice plants (Oryza sativa L.) were grown in ambient CO(2) (AMB) or free-air CO(2)-enrichment (FACE), in which the target [CO(2)] was 200 micromol mol(-1) above AMB. (13)CO(2) was fed to the plants at different stages so we could examine the(More)
Waterlogged paddy and water-unsaturated upland ecosystems have contrasting soil nitrogen (N) processes that affect the natural 15N abundance (15N/14N, expressed as δ15N) in different N pools. In this study, we investigated the δ15N patterns in soil and plant N pools of paddy and upland ecosystems. Samples were collected from 20 each of paddy and upland(More)
Rice grain metabolites are important for better understanding of the plant physiology of various rice cultivars and thus for developing rice cultivars aimed at providing diverse processed products. However, the variation of global metabolites in rice grains has rarely been explored. Here, we report the identification of intra- or intercellular metabolites(More)
Temporal changes in delta(15)N of cattle feedlot manure during its composting with either rice hull (RHM) or sawdust (SDM) as bedding materials were investigated. Regardless of the bedding material used, the delta(15)N of total N in the manure increased sharply from +7.6 per thousand to +9.9 per thousand and from +11.4 per thousand to +14.3 per thousand,(More)
Only limited information is available in the research area on the effect of elevated CO2 concentration ([CO2]) and air temperature (Tair) on the fertilizer N uptake by rice. This study was conducted to investigate changes in rice uptake of N derived from fertilizer (NDFF) and soil (NDFS) as well as fertilizer N uptake efficiency (FUE) with elevated [CO2](More)
Here, we experimentally examined how an episodic lack of sunshine (ELS), as an extreme weather event, would affect rice productivity under warming with elevated [CO2 ]. In 2009 and 2010, rice plants were grown at two levels of [CO2 ] (ca. 390 and 650 μl l(-1) ) and three levels of warming (≈ambient, +1.2 °C, and +2.2/2.4 °C) in six independent temperature(More)
Crop models are suitable tools to assess the potential impacts of climate change on crop productivity. While the associated assessment reports have been focused on major rice production regions, there is little information on how climate change will impact the future rice crop production in mountainous highland regions. This study investigated effects of(More)