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BACKGROUND Traumatic rupture of the diaphragm is an unusual type of trauma. In addition, it is difficult to diagnose because it can be accompanied by injuries to other organs. If it is not detected early, the mortality rate can increase due to serious complications. Diaphragmatic rupture is an important indicator of the severity of the trauma. The aim of(More)
The crop simulation model is a suitable tool for evaluating the potential impacts of climate change on crop production and on the environment. This study investigates the effects of climate change on paddy rice production in the temperate climate regions under the East Asian monsoon system using the CERES-Rice 4.0 crop simulation model. This model was first(More)
Effects of elevated CO2 concentration ([CO2]) and air temperature (Tair) on accumulation and intra-plant partitioning of dry matter (DM) and nitrogen in paddy rice were investigated by performing a pot experiment in six natural sunlit temperature gradient chambers (TGCs) with or without CO2 fumigation. Rice (Oryza sativa L.) plants were grown in TGCs for a(More)
Nitrogen isotope abundance (δ 15N) of paddy rice (Oryza sativa L.) grown for 110 days after transplanting (DAT) under field conditions with ammonium sulfate (AS with −0.4‰ as a synthetic fertilizer), pig manure compost (PMC with 15.3‰ as a livestock manure compost), and hairy vetch (HV with −0.5‰ as a green manure) was investigated to test the possible use(More)
The level of excision repair cross-complementing 1 (ERCC1) gene expression, which is important in the repair of the cisplatin-DNA adducts, is reported to be related to the level of cisplatin resistance in tumor cells. Therefore, ERCC1 is an attractive target to confer increased cellular sensitivity to cisplatin-based chemotherapy. We designed, synthesized,(More)
An experiment was conducted in an Andosol paddy field in Shizukuishi (Iwate Prefecture, Japan) to determine the effects of free-air CO2 enrichment (FACE) on biological N2-fixation activity and soil microbial biomass C at three levels of N application. Rice (Oryza sativa L. cv. Akitakomachi) plants were grown under ambient CO2 or FACE (ambient +200 µmol(More)
An increase in atmospheric CO(2) concentration ( [CO(2)]) is generally expected to enhance photosynthesis and biomass. Rice plants (Oryza sativa L.) were grown in ambient CO(2) (AMB) or free-air CO(2)-enrichment (FACE), in which the target [CO(2)] was 200 micromol mol(-1) above AMB. (13)CO(2) was fed to the plants at different stages so we could examine the(More)
The effects of the liquid pig manure (LM) used in organic farming on the natural abundance of 15N and 13C signatures in plant tissues have not been studied. We hypothesized that application of LM will (1) increase δ15N of plant tissues due to the high δ15N of N in LM as compared with soil N or inorganic fertilizer N, and (2) increase δ13C of plant tissues(More)
Temporal changes in delta(15)N of cattle feedlot manure during its composting with either rice hull (RHM) or sawdust (SDM) as bedding materials were investigated. Regardless of the bedding material used, the delta(15)N of total N in the manure increased sharply from +7.6 per thousand to +9.9 per thousand and from +11.4 per thousand to +14.3 per thousand,(More)
Waterlogged paddy and water-unsaturated upland ecosystems have contrasting soil nitrogen (N) processes that affect the natural 15N abundance (15N/14N, expressed as δ15N) in different N pools. In this study, we investigated the δ15N patterns in soil and plant N pools of paddy and upland ecosystems. Samples were collected from 20 each of paddy and upland(More)