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Edible fruits, such as that of the tomato plant and other vegetable crops, are markedly diverse in shape and size. SUN, one of the major genes controlling the elongated fruit shape of tomato, was positionally cloned and found to encode a member of the IQ67 domain-containing family. We show that the locus arose as a result of an unusual 24.7-kilobase gene(More)
Members of the plant-specific gene families IQD/SUN, OFP and YABBY are thought to play important roles in plant growth and development. YABBY family members are involved in lateral organ polarity and growth; OFP members encode transcriptional repressors, whereas the role of IQD/SUN members is less clear. The tomato fruit shape genes SUN, OVATE, and(More)
The present study compared the potential neuroprotective effects of tanshinone (Tan) IIA monotherapy, tetramethylpyrazine (TMP) monotherapy, and Tan IIA+TMP combination therapy in adult rat subjected to cerebral ischemic injury using the permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model and in primary cortical neuron culture exposed to oxygen-glucose(More)
The aim of the present study was to explore the role of suture diameter and vessel insertion position in the preparation of the middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) rat model. A total of 84 Sprague-Dawley rats (weighing 250-300 g) were randomly divided to three groups: group A (type 1.0, suture diameter 0.16-0.17 mm and tip 0.21-0.22 mm); group B (type(More)
Autophagy is a constitutive lysosomal catabolic pathway that degrades damaged organelles and protein aggregates. Neuronal survival is highly dependent on autophagy due to its post-mitotic nature, polarized morphology, and active protein trafficking. Autophagic dysfunction has been linked to several neuronal diseases. Our understanding is still incomplete(More)
Recent studies have begun to reveal critical roles of microRNAs (miRNAs) in the pathogenesis of cardiac hypertrophy and dysfunction. In this study, we tested whether a transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β)-regulated miRNA played a pivotal role in the development of cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure (HF). We observed that miR-27b was upregulated in hearts(More)
(−)-Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) is the most abundant catechin in green tea. In this study, we found that hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection was significantly suppressed by EGCG in an HCV cell culture (HCVcc) system using a JFH1-GFP chimeric virus, with a 50 % effective concentration (EC50) of 17.9 μM. The inhibitory activity of EGCG was confirmed by(More)
BACKGROUND Universally accepted landmark stages are necessary to highlight key events in plant reproductive development and to facilitate comparisons among species. Domestication and selection of tomato resulted in many varieties that differ in fruit shape and size. This diversity is useful to unravel underlying molecular and developmental mechanisms that(More)
αB-crystallin (α-BC), the fifth member of mammalian small heat shock protein family (HspB5), is known to be expressed in many tissues and has a distinctive interaction with cytoskeleton components. In this study, we investigated that α-BC and microtubule-associated protein-2 (MAP-2), a neuron-specific cytoskeleton protein, were coexpressed in neurons of(More)