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The Histogram Probabilistic Multi-Hypothesis Tracker (H-PMHT) is a parametric mixture-fitting approach to track-before-detect. The original implementations of H-PMHT dealt with Gaussian shaped targets with fixed or known extent. More recent applications have addressed other special cases of the target shape. This article reviews these recent extensions and(More)
The Histogram PMHT is a parametric track-before-detect method that has good detection performance and low computation complexity. However, the method assumes a known clutter distribution. This paper introduces a method for learning a non-uniform clutter map where the map is represented as a mixture of parameterised components. The modified Histogram PMHT is(More)
1 Abstract Global hybrid (electron fluid, kinetic ions) and fully kinetic simulations of the magnetosphere have been used to show surprising interconnection between shocks, turbulence and magnetic re-connection. In particular collisionless shocks with their reflected ions that can get upstream before retransmission can generate previously unforeseen(More)
The Histogram-Probabilistic Multi-Hypothesis Tracker (H-PMHT) is an efficient multi-target tracking approach to the Track-Before-Detect (TkBD) problem. However, it cannot adequately deal with fluctuating targets and this can degrade track management performance. By assuming an alternative measurement model based on a Poisson distribution, the H-PMHT(More)
Kinetic simulations of backward stimulated Raman scattering (BSRS), where the Langmuir wave coherence time is greater than the bounce time for trapped electrons, yield transient reflectivity levels far above those predicted by fluidlike models. Electron trapping reduces the Langmuir wave damping and lowers the Langmuir wave frequency, and leads to a secular(More)
Thomson scattering is used to measure Langmuir waves (LW) driven by stimulated Raman scattering (SRS) in a diffraction limited laser focal spot. For SRS at wave numbers klambda(D) less similar 0.29, where k is the LW number and lambda(D) is the Debye length, multiple waves are detected and are attributed to the Langmuir decay instability (LDI) driven by the(More)
Conventional active sonar processing systems typically reduce the sensor data from an intensity map to a point-measurement form via a detection thresholding process. This approach is often sufficient for detecting and tracking high signal-to-noise-ratio (SNR) targets but becomes more challenging for low SNR targets. Track-Before-Detect (TkBD) is an(More)
Simulations are reported of the Thomson scatter spectrum of electrostatic waves (ESWs) excited in single laser hot spots by backward stimulated Raman scattering (BSRS). Under conditions similar those in the recent experiments of Kline et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 175003 (2005)], a spectral streak, resulting from the trapping-induced frequency shift of the(More)