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Height is a complex genetic trait that involves multiple genetic loci. Recently, 44 loci associated with height were identified in Caucasian individuals by large-scale genome-wide association (GWA) studies. To identify genetic variants influencing height in the Korean population, we analyzed GWA data from 8842 Korean individuals and identified 15 genomic(More)
BACKGROUND Endocrine abnormalities, including hypocalcemia, thyroid dysfunction, and short stature, are associated with chromosome 22q11.2 microdeletion syndrome. This study was undertaken to examine the frequencies and clinical features of endocrine abnormalities in patients with 22q11.2 microdeletion syndrome. METHODS We analyzed 61 patients with(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate mutation spectrums and their correlations to phenotypes in Noonan syndrome (NS) and NS-related disorders that share functional alterations of the Ras-mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway. STUDY DESIGN Clinical characteristics and genotypes of 10 previously known and 2 candidate genes, SPRY1-4 and SPRED1, were investigated in(More)
After 2006, germline mutations in the KRAS, SOS1, and RAF1 genes were reported to cause Noonan syndrome (NS), in addition to the PTPN11 gene, and now we can find the etiology of disease in approximately 60-70% of NS cases. The aim of this study was to assess the correlation between phenotype and genotype by molecular analysis of the PTPN11, SOS1, KRAS, and(More)
Precise topographic localization, predominance in males mostly of Asian origin, and existence of some familial cases suggest a genetic background for monomelic amyotrophy. To identify susceptibility genes for monomelic amyotrophy, we performed whole-exome sequencing of four unrelated patients with monomelic amyotrophy and detected a total of 45 novel(More)
OBJECTIVES We evaluated the frequencies and clinical consequences of mutations in the genes encoding cationic trypsinogen, serine protease 1 (PRSS1), and serine protease inhibitor Kazal type 1 (SPINK1) in children with acute recurrent pancreatitis (ARP) and chronic pancreatitis (CP). PATIENTS AND METHODS The study population consisted of 32 children with(More)
We describe a patient with Fanconi-Bickel syndrome diagnosed by clinical manifestations and the identification of a novel mutation in the GLUT 2 gene. She was initially diagnosed with neonatal diabetes mellitus due to hyperglycaemia and glycosuria at 3 days of life. In addition, newborn screening for galactosaemia revealed hypergalactosaemia. Thereafter,(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Heterozygous mutations of NR5A1, which encodes steroidogenic factor 1 (SF1), were identified in patients with 46,XY disorders of sex development (DSD) with normal adrenal function. This study was aimed to identify and functionally characterize mutations of NR5A1 in patients with 46,XY DSD. METHODS This study included 51 patients from 49(More)
Plasma chitotriosidase activity is used for diagnosis and monitoring of Gaucher disease. However, homozygous duplication of a 24 bp region in exon 10 of the chitotriosidase gene (CHIT1) abolishes enzyme activity, limiting its use as a biomarker in Gaucher disease. This study investigates the allele frequency of the 24 bp duplication, in both the general(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate microchimerism after human liver transplantation (LT). This study included 13 female recipients who received hepatic allograft from male donors at Asan Medical Center. A nested PCR specific for Y-chromosome gene (DYZ3) was used to analyze the small number of male cells in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells of the(More)