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The study described a novel bone tissue scaffold fabricated by computer-aided, air pressure-aided deposition system to control the macro- and microstructure precisely. The porcine bone marrow stem cells (PBMSCs) seeded on either mPEG-PCL-mPEG (PCL) or mPEG-PCL-mPEG/hydroxyapatite (PCL/HA) composite scaffold were cultured under osteogenic medium to test the(More)
Bone tissue engineering (BTE) is now a promising research issue to improve the drawbacks from traditional bone grafting procedure such as limited donor sources and possible complications. Stem cells are one of the major factors in BTE due to the capability of self renewal and multi-lineage differentiation. Unlike embryonic stem cells, which are more(More)
BACKGROUND This study examined whether a combination of autologous platelet-rich fibrin glue (PRFG) with mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and MEDPOR as guided tissue regeneration (GTR) could act as an osteogenic substitute and whether this treatment yields faster new bone formation than MEDPOR alone or PRFG plus MSC. MATERIAL MSCs were harvested and isolated(More)
The current study aimed to fabricate three-dimensional (3D) polycaprolactone (PCL), polycaprolactone and β-tricalcium phosphate (PCL-TCP) scaffolds via a selective laser-sintering technique (SLS). Collagen type I was further coated onto PCL-TCP scaffolds to form PCL-TCP-COL scaffolds. The physical characters of these three scaffolds were analysed. The(More)
Due to the natural properties of fat, fat grafting remains a popular procedure for soft tissue volume augmentation and reconstruction. However, clinical outcome varies and is technique dependent. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) contains α-granules, from which multiple growth factors such as platelet-derived growth factor, transforming growth factor-β, vascular(More)
Three-dimensional porous polycaprolactone (PCL) scaffolds with consistent inter-pore channels, 83% porosity and 300–400 μm pore size were fabricated via selective laser sintering. The PCL scaffold was combined with platelet-rich plasma (PRP) to form a bioactive composite and studied for potential application in bone tissue engineering using porcine(More)
This study describes an injectable, thermo-responsive hyaluronic acid-g-chitosan-g-poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (HA-CPN) copolymer for bone tissue engineering. The wettability, temperature-dependent change of water content, and volume of HA-CPN hydrogel were measured, together with its biocompatibility in vitro and in vivo. The dried hydrogel morphology(More)
To provide osteoblast cells with a three-dimensional environment closer to bone matrix, an engineered construct mimicking bone components have been designed and evaluated. A biocompatible injectable thermo-responsive hydrogel, hyaluronic acid-g-chitosan-g-poly (N-isopropylacrylamide) (HA-CPN), was used as a biomimetic organic gel matrix while embedded(More)
BACKGROUND Palatal fractures are frequently associated with Le Fort maxillary fractures in midfacial trauma. They may present diagnostic and therapeutic challenges and result in malunion and occlusion problems if not treated properly. METHODS In a retrospective study of 349 Le Fort maxillary fractures over 10 years, 162 patients were diagnosed with(More)
Macroporous elastic scaffolds containing gelatin (4% or 10%) and 0.25% hyaluronic acid (HA) were fabricated by cryogelation for application in adipose tissue engineering. These cryogels have interconnected pores (∼200 μm), high porosity (>90%) and a high degree of cross-linking (>99%). The higher gelatin concentration reduced the pore size, porosity and(More)