Han-Tan Chai

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BACKGROUND Women have had a higher early mortality rate than men after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in the prethrombolytic and thrombolytic eras. Primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has been shown to significantly improve survival of patients with AMI, and to be superior to thrombolytic therapy in terms of immediate restoration of normal(More)
We tested whether apoptotic adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (A-ADMSCs) were superior to healthy (H)-ADMSCs at attenuating organ damage and mortality in sepsis syndrome following cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). Adult male rats were categorized into group 1 (sham control), group 2 (CLP), group 3 [CLP + H-ADMSC administered 0.5, 6, and 18 h after(More)
We investigated whether early combined cilostazol and bone marrow-derived endothelial progenitor cell (BMDEPC) treatment offers synergistic benefit in ameliorating monocrotaline (MCT)-induced pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) in rats. Male Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 10/group) were randomized to receive saline injection only (group 1), MCT (70 mg/kg)(More)
Obesity is an important cardiovascular risk factor. This study tested the effect of obesity reduction on preserving left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and attenuating inflammation, oxidative stress and LV remodeling in obese mice. Eight-week-old C57BL/6 J mice (n=24) were equally divided into control (fed a control diet for 22 weeks), obesity(More)
This study tested the hypothesis that obesity suppresses circulating number as well as the function of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). High fat diet (45 Kcal% fat) was given to 8-week-old C57BL/6 J mice (n = 8) for 20 weeks to induce obesity (group 1). Another age-matched group (n = 8) were fed with control(More)
BACKGROUND The prognostic value of interleukin (IL)-18 in patients with ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI) is currently unclear. Thus, the purpose of this study was to test whether the circulating IL-18 level can predict prognosis in patients with STEMI undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS AND RESULTS(More)
BACKGROUND In this study, we tested the hypothesis that a combined adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cell (ADMSC) and ADMSC-derived exosome therapy protected rat kidney from acute ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury (i.e., ligation of both renal arteries for 1h and reperfusion for 72h prior to euthanization). METHODS AND RESULTS Adult-male SD rats (n=40) were(More)
BACKGROUND This study tested whether adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADMSC) embedded in platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) scaffold is superior to direct ADMSC implantation in improving left ventricular (LV) performance and reducing LV remodeling in a rat acute myocardial infarction (AMI) model of left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) ligation. (More)
Currently, no data on the optimal time point after acute ischemic stroke (IS) at which high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) level is most predictive of unfavorable outcome. We tested the hypothesis that hs-CRP levels during both acute (48 h after IS) and convalescent (21 days after IS) phases are equally important in predicting 90-day clinical(More)
Permanent cardiac-pacemaker therapy is widely recognized as beneficial in the treatment of various types of symptomatic bradycardia. However, the seasonal distribution of pacemaker implantation has never been discussed. The purpose of this study was to investigate the seasonal distribution of pacemaker implantation in a large population of patients with(More)