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Electrohydrodynamic (EHD) spraying has been utilized in applications varying from micro-colloid thrusters to technology for film deposition and inkjet printing. Recently, EHD inkjet heads were developed to facilitate the fabrication of printed electronics such as digital displays, printed circuit boards (PCBs), and solar cells. Here, we report the(More)
Mobile telecommunication companies in Korea provide a lot of mobile data services, but there are no definitions for quality attributes and customers' expectation levels, which are important issues in quality management. In this paper, we define the quality attributes of eight major mobile data services used by mobile communication subscribers and measure(More)
A new tomographic reconstruction scheme is proposed that uses a genetic algorithm (GA), a robust and combinatorial function optimization based on the mechanics of the genetic principle. The paper first discusses the implicitly parallel and scaled random nature of the GA optimization using an illustrative example. An introduction of the elementary(More)
The bulk piezoresistivity of carbon nanotube (CNT) in polymer matrix was discussed to develop a strain sensor for engineering applications. The polymer improves interfacial bonding between the nanotubes and the CNT composite and that enhances the strain transfer, repeatability, and linearity of the sensor. The largest contribution of piezoresistivity of the(More)
An effect of applied electric potential and physico-chemical parameters on a droplet diameter has been analyzed numerically. Smaller droplets can be ejected from a nozzle by applying electrostatic potential between the nozzle and liquids. Although the droplets have been formed until the critical value of the electric potential, unstable liquid jets with(More)
In this Letter, a three-dimensional (3D) optical correction method, which was verified by simulation, was developed to reconstruct droplet-based flow fields. In the simulation, a synthetic phantom was reconstructed using a simultaneous multiplicative algebraic reconstruction technique with three detectors positioned at the synthetic object (represented by(More)
Combined use of the algebraic reconstruction technique (ART) and the genetic algorithm (GA) shows highly accurate and efficient tomographic reconstruction of line-of-sight projection images of two-phase flows compared with reconstructions obtained by separate use of these methods. A modified GA-based tomography uses the ART reconstruction result as(More)