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A new tomographic reconstruction scheme is proposed that uses a genetic algorithm (GA), a robust and com-binatorial function optimization based on the mechanics of the genetic principle. The paper first discusses the implicitly parallel and scaled random nature of the GA optimization using an illustrative example. An introduction of the elementary(More)
The bulk piezoresistivity of carbon nanotube (CNT) in polymer matrix was discussed to develop a strain sensor for engineering applications. The polymer improves interfacial bonding between the nanotubes and the CNT composite and that enhances the strain transfer, repeatability, and linearity of the sensor. The largest contribution of piezoresistivity of the(More)
Electrohydrodynamic (EHD) spraying has been utilized in applications varying from micro-colloid thrusters to technology for film deposition and inkjet printing. Recently, EHD inkjet heads were developed to facilitate the fabrication of printed electronics such as digital displays, printed circuit boards (PCBs), and solar cells. Here, we report the(More)
For an electrohydrodynamic (EHD) jet, variables such as the direction of the meniscus and the ejection stability need to be analyzed. Thus, the EHD jet should be observed three-dimensionally (3D) because the variables can only be obtained in the 3D field, especially in unstable modes. However, if the 3D field is reconstructed from multi-directional binary(More)
Three-dimensional optical tomography techniques were developed to reconstruct three-dimensional objects using a set of two-dimensional projection images. Five basis functions, such as cubic B-spline, o-Moms, keys, and cosine functions and Gaussian basis functions, were used to calculate the weighting coefficients for a projection matrix. Two different forms(More)
In this Letter, a three-dimensional (3D) optical correction method, which was verified by simulation, was developed to reconstruct droplet-based flow fields. In the simulation, a synthetic phantom was reconstructed using a simultaneous multiplicative algebraic reconstruction technique with three detectors positioned at the synthetic object (represented by(More)
An effect of applied electric potential and physico-chemical parameters on a droplet diameter has been analyzed numerically. Smaller droplets can be ejected from a nozzle by applying electrostatic potential between the nozzle and liquids. Although the droplets have been formed until the critical value of the electric potential, unstable liquid jets with(More)
Electrohydrodynamic jetting behaviors of liquid menisci were analyzed experimentally by three-dimensional optical shadowgraphic tomography. The tomographic algorithm was developed after a series of multiplicative algebraic reconstruction techniques updated the object's intensities by using a cubic cosine basis function to determine the weighting(More)