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Inherited mutations in BRCA1 confer susceptibility to breast and ovarian neoplasms. However, the function of BRCA1 and the role of BRCA1 in noninherited cancer remain unknown. Characterization of alternately spliced forms of BRCA1 may identify functional regions; thus, we constructed expression vectors of BRCA1 and a splice variant lacking exon 11,(More)
Wavelength modulation imaging (WMI) is capable of determining both spectroscopic and geometrical properties of a target, but the latter is often ignored in spectroscopic studies. This work theoretically and experimentally demonstrates the importance of both in WMI applications. Experiments were performed with an all-digital signal processing approach(More)
Mid-infrared (MIR) (3-12 um) spectral imaging is a power analytical tool, but difficult in the back-reflectance mode for in-vivo diagnostics. Feasibility of MIR back-reflectance imaging is demonstrated using MIR semiconductor lasers. Transmittance through 500-microm thick films of water and blood showed a capability to resolve more than 6-OD signal dynamic(More)
Mid-IR semiconductor lasers of two wavelength bands, 5.4 and 9.6 microm, are applied to measure aqueous glucose concentration ranging from 0 to 500 mgdL with Intralipid emulsion (0 to 8%) added as a fat simulator. The absorption coefficient micro(a) is found linear with respect to glucose and Intralipid concentrations, and their specific absorption(More)
Continuous, broad, and single-mode wavelength tuning of thermoelectrically cooled short-pulse quantum-cascade lasers is demonstrated with a combination of coarse grating tuning and fine phase tuning of the gain element. This approach overcomes the problem of a poor facet antireflection coating of the gain chip by shifting a Fabry-Perot longitudinal mode to(More)
A total of 246 consecutive burn patients younger than 2 years and older than 70 years of age admitted to a burn center were reviewed retrospectively to study morbidity and mortality specific to these two age groups. Of these patients, 165 were less than 2 years of age and 81 were over 70 years of age, representing 16% and 8% of the total patient population(More)
In 8 male white Yorkshire pigs weighing approximately 42 kg each, 12 buttock neurovascular island skin flaps were dissected. Baseline recordings were made of blood flow and O2 consumption in the flap. Two series of experiments were carried out. In control animals (5), the flap was dissected and the "cold" aluminum plate was applied for 10 seconds. In the(More)
A high-throughput optical biosensing technique is proposed and demonstrated. This hybrid technique combines optical transmission of nanoholes with colorimetric silver staining. The size and spacing of the nanoholes are chosen so that individual nanoholes can be independently resolved in massive parallel using an ordinary transmission optical microscope,(More)
Nondegenerate four-wave mixing in a single-mode ridge waveguide has been demonstrated as a technique for simultaneous measurement of the imaginary component and the absolute magnitude of the third-order nonlinear susceptibility chi((3)). In the same experimenal apparatus, Im chi((3))(omega(2) = omega(1) + omega(2) - omega(1)) was obtained by measuring the(More)