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Inherited mutations in BRCA1 confer susceptibility to breast and ovarian neoplasms. However, the function of BRCA1 and the role of BRCA1 in noninherited cancer remain unknown. Characterization of alternately spliced forms of BRCA1 may identify functional regions; thus, we constructed expression vectors of BRCA1 and a splice variant lacking exon 11,(More)
Mid-infrared (MIR) (3-12 um) spectral imaging is a power analytical tool, but difficult in the back-reflectance mode for in-vivo diagnostics. Feasibility of MIR back-reflectance imaging is demonstrated using MIR semiconductor lasers. Transmittance through 500-microm thick films of water and blood showed a capability to resolve more than 6-OD signal dynamic(More)
A total of 246 consecutive burn patients younger than 2 years and older than 70 years of age admitted to a burn center were reviewed retrospectively to study morbidity and mortality specific to these two age groups. Of these patients, 165 were less than 2 years of age and 81 were over 70 years of age, representing 16% and 8% of the total patient population(More)
Continuous, broad, and single-mode wavelength tuning of thermoelectrically cooled short-pulse quantum-cascade lasers is demonstrated with a combination of coarse grating tuning and fine phase tuning of the gain element. This approach overcomes the problem of a poor facet antireflection coating of the gain chip by shifting a Fabry-Perot longitudinal mode to(More)
Mid-IR semiconductor lasers of two wavelength bands, 5.4 and 9.6 microm, are applied to measure aqueous glucose concentration ranging from 0 to 500 mgdL with Intralipid emulsion (0 to 8%) added as a fat simulator. The absorption coefficient micro(a) is found linear with respect to glucose and Intralipid concentrations, and their specific absorption(More)
A high-throughput optical biosensing technique is proposed and demonstrated. This hybrid technique combines optical transmission of nanoholes with colorimetric silver staining. The size and spacing of the nanoholes are chosen so that individual nanoholes can be independently resolved in massive parallel using an ordinary transmission optical microscope,(More)
Wavelength modulation imaging (WMI) is capable of determining both spectroscopic and geometrical properties of a target, but the latter is often ignored in spectroscopic studies. This work theoretically and experimentally demonstrates the importance of both in WMI applications. Experiments were performed with an all-digital signal processing approach(More)
A multi-spectral mid-IR laser imaging study including system engineering, experiments, and image processing and analysis is described. A 4-lambda scalable system was built with semiconductor lasers, covering from 3.3-9.6 mum. The X-Y scanning system was capable of 2-dimensional (2D) multi-spectral imaging at a stand-off distance from 13-40 m. The system was(More)
Infrared (IR, 3-12-microm) microscopic spectral imaging is an important analytical technique. Many current instruments employ thermal IR light sources, which suffer the problem of low brightness and high noise. This paper evaluates the system engineering merit in using semiconductor lasers, which offer orders-of-magnitude-higher power, brightness, and lower(More)
Nondegenerate four-wave mixing in a single-mode ridge waveguide has been demonstrated as a technique for simultaneous measurement of the imaginary component and the absolute magnitude of the third-order nonlinear susceptibility chi((3)). In the same experimenal apparatus, Im chi((3))(omega(2) = omega(1) + omega(2) - omega(1)) was obtained by measuring the(More)