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Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), a mosquito-borne flavivirus that causes severe human disease, has been shown to block the interferon (IFN)-induced Janus kinase signal transducer and activation of transcription (Jak-Stat) signaling cascade by preventing Tyk2 tyrosine phosphorylation and Stat activation. In this study, we demonstrate that expression of the(More)
The 2',5'-oligoadenylate synthetase (OAS) and its downstream effector RNase L play important roles in host defense against virus infection. Oas1b, one of the eight Oas1 genes in the mouse genome, has been identified as a murine flavivirus-resistance gene. Four genes, OAS1, OAS2, OAS3, and OAS-like (OASL), have been identified in the human OAS gene family,(More)
Monocyte chemoattractant protein 1-induced protein 1 (MCPIP1), belonging to the MCPIP family with highly conserved CCCH-type zinc finger and Nedd4-BP1, YacP Nuclease domains, has been implicated in negative regulation of the cellular inflammatory responses. In this report, we demonstrate for the first time that this RNA-binding nuclease also targets viral(More)
A novel 5-membered iminocyclitol derivative was found to be a potent and selective inhibitor of the glycoprotein-processing alpha-glucosidase with a Ki value of 53 nM. This compound was further derivatized to antiviral agents against Japanese encephalitis virus, dengue virus serotype 2 (DEN-2), human SARS coronavirus, and human beta-hexosaminidase (Ki = 2.6(More)
Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), a mosquito-borne flavivirus, replicates primarily at the endoplasmic reticulum and thereby triggers apoptosis of infected cells. This study investigated the hierarchical activation of the caspase network induced by JEV infection. It was found that JEV activated the initiators caspase-8 and -9, as well as effector(More)
Dengue is a mosquito-borne viral disease that afflicts millions of individuals worldwide every year. Infection by any of the 4 dengue virus (DENV) serotypes can result in a spectrum of disease severity. We investigated the impact of variants of interferon-regulated innate immunity genes with a potent antiviral effect on the outcome of DENV infection. We(More)
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