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Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are believed to have genetic and environmental origins, yet in only a modest fraction of individuals can specific causes be identified. To identify further genetic risk factors, here we assess the role of de novo mutations in ASD by sequencing the exomes of ASD cases and their parents (n = 175 trios). Fewer than half of the(More)
Understanding genetic control of tassel and ear architecture in maize (Zea mays L. ssp. mays) is important due to their relationship with grain yield. High resolution QTL mapping is critical for understanding the underlying molecular basis of phenotypic variation. Advanced populations, such as recombinant inbred lines, have been broadly adopted for QTL(More)
Successful automated diagnoses of attention deficit hyperactive disorder (ADHD) using imaging and functional biomarkers would have fundamental consequences on the public health impact of the disease. In this work, we show results on the predictability of ADHD using imaging biomarkers and discuss the scientific and diagnostic impacts of the research. We(More)
Cell cycle checkpoints are implemented to safeguard the genome, avoiding the accumulation of genetic errors. Checkpoint loss results in genomic instability and contributes to the evolution of cancer. Among G1-, S-, G2- and M-phase checkpoints, genetic studies indicate the role of an intact S-phase checkpoint in maintaining genome integrity. Although the(More)
Many statistical methods gain robustness and flexibility by sacrificing convenient computational structures. In this paper, we illustrate this fundamental tradeoff by studying a semi-parametric graph estimation problem in high dimensions. We explain how novel computational techniques help to solve this type of problem. In particular, we propose a(More)
Vertebrate gut microbiome often underpins the metabolic capability and provides many beneficial effects on their hosts. However, little was known about how host trophic level influences fish gut microbiota and metabolic activity. In this study, more than 985,000 quality-filtered sequences from 24 16S rRNA libraries were obtained and the results revealed(More)
The pathogenesis of neuropathic pain is complex. P2X₂(/)₃ receptor plays a crucial role in nociception transduction of chronic pain. VEGF inhibitors are effective for pain relief. The present study investigated the effects of VEGF and VEGF receptor-2 (VEGFR2) on the pain transmission in neuropathic pain states that mediated by P2X₂(/)₃ receptor in primary(More)
Cleft palate, including submucous cleft palate, is among the most common birth defects in humans. While overt cleft palate results from defects in growth or fusion of the developing palatal shelves, submucous cleft palate is characterized by defects in palatal bones. In this report, we show that the Bmpr1a gene, encoding a type I receptor for bone(More)
Neuropathic pain is the most difficult type of pain to cure. The P2X(2/3) receptors play a crucial role in facilitating the transmission of pain at neuropathic pain states. Emodin is a natural anthraquinone in rhubarb. The present research investigated the effects of emodin on the pain transmission in neuropathic pain states that was mediated by P2X(2/3)(More)