Han J. Moshage

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Endotoxin-induced cholestasis is mainly caused by an impaired canalicular secretion. Mrp2, the canalicular multispecific organic anion transporter, is strongly down-regulated in this situation, and canalicular bile salt secretion is also reduced. We hypothesized that other adenosine triphosphate-binding cassette (ABC) transporters may compensate for the(More)
Plasma nitrite and nitrate determinations are increasingly being used in clinical chemistry as markers for the activity of nitric oxide synthase and the production of nitric oxide radicals. However, a systematic evaluation of the determination of nitrite and nitrate in plasma has not been performed. In this study the recovery and stability of nitrite and(More)
We investigated the expression of hepatic transport systems involved in bile secretion during liver regeneration after partial hepatectomy (PH) in rats. Initial studies showed maximal BrdU incorporation 24 hours after PH. Therefore, transporter expression and bile secretion were analyzed in detail at this time. The mRNA levels of the multidrug resistance(More)
Primary human hepatocytes were immortalized by stable transfection with a recombinant plasmid containing the early region of simian virus (SV) 40. The cells were cultured in serum-free, hormonally defined medium during the immortalization procedure. Foci of dividing cells were seen after 3 months. Albumin- and fibrinogen-secreting cells were selected and(More)
OBJECTIVES Procalcitonin (PCT) is a 13 kD protein of which plasma concentrations are strongly increased in inflammatory states. PCT concentrations are claimed to have a more powerful discriminatory value for bacterial infection than the acute phase proteins serum amyloid A (SAA) or C-reactive protein (CRP). The source of production and its mechanism of(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Reactive oxygen species (ROS) induce HSCs activation, proliferation and collagen gene expression in vitro. Nitric oxide (NO) represents a reactive molecule that reacts with ROS, yielding peroxynitrite. We thus verified the effect of NO on ROS-induced HSCs proliferation in vitro and correlated iNOS expression and ROS formation to HSCs(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS During endotoxemia, expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and nitric oxide production in the liver is increased. NO has been suggested to have a hepatoprotective function. The aim of this study was to investigate the distribution of iNOS and the effect of different NO synthase inhibitors on liver damage and hemodynamics(More)
The nitric oxide radical (NO) is an important mediator of both physiological and pathophysiological processes. NO is produced by nitric oxide synthase (NOS; EC, an enzyme that exists in three isoforms encoded by distinct genes [1, 2]. All isoforms of NOS catalyze the conversion of l-arginine into citrulline and NO. In this reaction, which(More)
Inflammatory conditions are characterized by activation of the transcription factor nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB), resulting in the expression of NF-κB-regulated, inflammation-related genes, such as inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cyclo-oxygenase-2 (COX-2). Expression of these genes contributes to the survival of cells. Indeed, exposure to(More)
The inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) promoter contains nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) binding sites. NF-kappaB activation is determined, in part, by the intracellular redox status. The aim of this study was to determine the importance of the cellular glutathione status in relation to NF-kappaB activation and iNOS expression in hepatocytes in vivo(More)