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Angiopoietin-1 (Ang1) is an essential molecule for blood vessel formation; however, little is known about the structure-function relationships of Ang1 with its receptor, Tie2 (tyrosine kinase with immunoglobulin and epidermal growth factor homology domain-2'). In this study, we generated several Ang1 and angiopoietin-2 (Ang2) variants to define the role of(More)
The angiopoietin (Ang) family of growth factors includes Ang1, Ang2, Ang3, and Ang4, all of which bind to the endothelial receptor tyrosine kinase Tie2. Ang3 (mouse) and Ang4 (human) are interspecies orthologs. In experiments with human endothelial cell lines, Ang3 was identified as an antagonist of Tie2 and Ang4 was identified as an agonist of Tie2.(More)
Angiopoietin-1 (Ang1) has potential therapeutic applications in inducing angiogenesis, enhancing endothelial cell survival, and preventing vascular leakage. However, production of Ang1 is hindered by aggregation and insolubility resulting from disulfide-linked higher-order structures. Here, by replacing the N-terminal portion of Ang1 with the short(More)
We sequenced a 208-kb BAC clone spanning the bovine prion protein (PRNP) locus, and compared the genomic structure with that of human. As a result, we determined the precise breakpoint between the two syntenic genomes, located on the 5' UTR of the PRNP gene, and discovered two highly repetitive sequences near the breakpoint. Further analysis demonstrated(More)
Radiation therapy is a widely used cancer treatment, but it causes side effects even when localized radiotherapy is used. Extensive apoptosis of microvascular endothelial cells of the lamina propria is the primary lesion initiating intestinal radiation damage after abdominal radiation therapy. Many in vitro studies suggest that angiopoietin-1 (Ang1) has(More)
Contradictory findings have recently been reported regarding the (in)abilities of individual subunits of the Vibrio harveyi alpha beta dimeric luciferase to catalyze bioluminescence. We have produced individual alpha and beta subunits separately in Escherichia coli JM109 cells by recombinant DNA techniques. Both subunits were purified to more than 90%(More)
Although N-glycosylation has been known to increase the stability of glycoproteins, it is difficult to assess the structural importance of glycans in the stabilization of glycoproteins. APA (Antheraea pernyi arylphorin) is an insect hexamerin that has two N-glycosylations at Asn196 and Asn344 respectively. The glycosylation of Asn344 is critical for the(More)
Two homogenous sequences of 47z (DXYS5) are located on the X (DXYS5X) and Y (DXYS5Y) chromosomes, and these are known to be useful polymorphic markers for tracing male-specific gene flow such as the migration routes of human populations. Using the 47z/StuI PCR-RFLP system, we found a novel allele which showed two bands, in contrast to the previous two(More)
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