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This multicenter, first-in-human study evaluated the safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties of the anti-CS1 monoclonal antibody elotuzumab. A standard 3 + 3 design was used to determine maximum tolerated dose; dose-limiting toxicities were assessed during cycle 1. Thirty-five patients with relapsed/refractory multiple(More)
Leukocyte adhesion to vascular endothelium under flow involves an adhesion cascade consisting of multiple receptor pairs that may function in an overlapping fashion. P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 (PSGL-1) and L-selectin have been implicated in neutrophil adhesion to P- and E-selectin under flow conditions. To study, in isolation, the interaction of(More)
Interactions between P-selectin and P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 (PSGL-1) mediate the earliest "rolling" of leukocytes on the lumenal surface of endothelial cells at sites of inflammation. Previously, PSGL-1 has been shown to be the primary mediator of interactions between neutrophils and P-selectin, but studies on the ability of PSGL-1 to mediate(More)
The expression of leukocyte adhesion molecules on endothelial cells is induced by TNF-alpha and other inflammatory cytokines. This induction of endothelial-leukocyte adhesion molecule-1, vascular cell adhesion molecule-1, and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 requires the transcription factor nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappa B). Recent work has suggested(More)
Leukocyte interactions with vascular endothelium at sites of inflammation can be dynamically regulated by activation-dependent adhesion molecules. Current models, primarily based on studies with polymorphonuclear leukocytes, suggest the involvement of multiple members of the selectin, integrin, and immunoglobulin gene families, sequentially, in the process(More)
Monocyte adhesion to the vascular endothelium is a pivotal step during their egress to tissues at sites of inflammation and immune reactions, and during atherogenesis. In this study, an in vitro flow model and blocking mAb were used to define the role of adhesion molecules in monocyte interactions with activated HUVEC under flow conditions. By(More)
By using the concept of gauge function, a pseudodistance function is defined for quantifying the clearance or the penetration depth of two convex point sets, depending on whether they separate or intersect. The linear programming formulations (for convex polyhedra) and the nonlinear constrained optimization formulations (for general convex objects) are(More)
To study the role of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) in monocyte recruitment and atherogenesis, we constructed a recombinant adenovirus, AdRSVrVCAM-1, carrying the rabbit VCAM-1 cDNA. We have previously shown that AdRSVrVCAM-1-transduced human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) support the adhesion of CD4+ CD45RO+ memory T lymphocytes(More)
This report examines the adhesive interactions of human CD4+ T lymphocytes with tumor necrosis factor alpha-activated human endothelial cell monolayers in an in vitro model that mimics microcirculatory flow conditions. Resting CD4+ T cell interactions with activated endothelium consisted of initial attachment followed by rolling, stable arrest, and then(More)
Although several adhesion molecules expressed on leukocytes (beta1 and beta2 integrins, platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule 1 [PECAM-1], and CD47) and on endothelium (intercellular adhesion molecule 1, PECAM-1) have been implicated in leukocyte transendothelial migration, less is known about the role of endothelial lateral junctions during this(More)