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Patients with bacterial overgrowth of the small intestine developed spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) more frequently than patients without bacterial overgrowth of the small intestine. The objective of this study was to determine whether the incidences of small intestine dysmotility and bacterial overgrowth are higher in cirrhotic patients with a(More)
Ginger has long been used as an alternative medication to prevent motion sickness. The mechanism of its action, however, is unknown. We hypothesize that ginger ameliorates the nausea associated with motion sickness by preventing the development of gastric dysrhythmias and the elevation of plasma vasopressin. Thirteen volunteers with a history of motion(More)
The gray levels of gastric sonogram images are usually concentrated at the zero end of the spectrum, making the image too low in contrast and too dark for the naked eye. Though histogram equalization can enhance the contrast by redistributing the gray levels, it has the drawback that it reduces the information in the processed image. In this paper, a(More)
Metaplastic carcinoma of the breast (MCB) is a poorly understood subtype of breast cancer. It is generally characterized by the coexistence of ductal carcinomatous and transdifferentiated sarcomatous components, but the underlying molecular alterations, possibly related to epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), remain elusive. We performed transcriptional(More)
Depressed immune responses have been observed frequently in cancer patients. In a variety of human malignancies, the expression of interleukin-2 receptor alpha (IL-2R alpha) on activated tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes was down-regulated. Because IL-2R alpha plays a pivotal role in the development and propagation of functional T cells, its depressed(More)
OBJECTIVE Percutaneous endoscopic jejunostomy has been used for preventing pulmonary aspiration arising from gastric contents by concomitant jejunal feeding and gastric decompression in susceptible patients. Our objective was to evaluate gastroesophageal reflux in patients with percutaneous endoscopic jejunostomy tube feeding. METHODS Eight(More)
OBJECTIVES Very few epidemiological data on reflux esophagitis in Chinese are available in the literature. METHODS To evaluate the incidence of reflux esophagitis, upper gastrointestinal endoscopies were performed on 2044 patients (male 1266, female 778; age range 16-82 yr) during a 6-month period. RESULTS The overall incidence of reflux esophagitis was(More)
Recent studies reveal that salivary cortisol measurements accurately reflect blood cortisol levels in older children and adults; yet, the relationship between the two values in premature infants has not been established. This study explores the use of salivary cortisol as an accurate measure of adrenal steroid concentrations in premature infants to provide(More)
BACKGROUND The long-term efficacy and safety of the endoscopic injection of N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate (Histoacryl) were evaluated to define its role as the initial treatment for bleeding gastric varices. METHODS Ninety patients with bleeding gastric varices underwent endoscopic injections of Histoacryl for hemostasis within a 6-year period. Histoacryl was(More)
Cytotoxic T lymphocytes (Tc) play a central role in cellular immunity against cancers. The cytotoxic potential of freshly isolated tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) is usually not expressed. This suggests the possible existence of as yet unspecified and perhaps complex immunosuppressive factors or cytokines that affect the anti-tumor capacity of these(More)