Hanène Ayari

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High cortisol and aldosterone levels increase cardiovascular risk, but the respective roles of each hormone within the arterial wall remain controversial. We tested the hypothesis that cortisol production within the arterial wall may contribute to atherosclerotic remodeling and act through illicit activation of the mineralocorticoid receptor (MR). Gene(More)
PURPOSE Vascular calcification was considered to be a passive, degenerative, and end-stage process of vascular disease. However, bone associated proteins such as bone morphogenetic proteins, osteopontin, osteonectin, osteocalcin, and matrix Gla protein (MGP) have been found in the calcified atherosclerotic lesions. We studied by microarray analysis whether(More)
Classic characteristics are poor predictors of the risk of thromboembolism. Thus, better markers for the carotid atheroma plaque formation and symptom causing are needed. Our objective was to study by microarray analysis gene expression of genes involved in homeostasis of iron and heme in carotid atheroma plaque from the same patient. mRNA gene expression(More)
The involvement of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) and cortisol in increased cardiovascular risk is well known. If numerous relationships between RAAS and corticosteroids have been described, their interactions within the arterial wall, especially during the transdifferentiation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) and the atheroma(More)
In atherosclerosis studies, there are few data, especially in men, on the biology of perivascular adipose tissue (PVAT) compared to that of other adipose tissue (AT), on amendments in obesity, and its possible role in the development of atherosclerosis. We conducted an ex vivo human study on pericarotid adipose tissue-collected in the immediate vicinity(More)
The etiopathogenesis of the Tunisian pemphigus is still ambiguous. Indeed, the complete mechanism, which goes from the causal agent until the final targets, is unknown. Nevertheless, two types of factors were associated in the etiopathogenesis of the pemphigus: genetic and/or environmental factors. We focused our intention in bacterial infectious etiology(More)
The involvement of angiotensin II, cortisol and aldosterone in increased cardiovascular risk is well known but their interactions within arterial wall and during atheroma formation are not established. In fact, mild cortisol excess is associated with a higher prevalence of cardiovascular events, increased intima media thickness, a higher frequency of(More)
Pemphigus is a severe autoimmune blistering disorder, in which immunoglobulin G autoantibodies are directed against desmosomal glycoproteins. The antibodies against desmogleine1 are prevalent in normal subjects living in Tunisia, that suggests the role of environment in the pathogenesis of this endemic type of pemphigus and the need for additional factors(More)
Purpose: We studied by microarray analysis the tissue angiotensin system organization. We elucidated the expression of chymase, cathepsins D, G and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE), potentially involved in intraparietal angiotensin II formation and atheroma. Methods: mRNA gene expression was measured by an Affymetrix Gene Chip Human Gene 1.0 ST arrays(More)
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