Hamza Fahim

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Many researcher has paid their to explore and monitor the under water environment. There are lot of application of Underwater WSNs like environment monitoring, exploration of under water surfaces, disaster preventions assisted navigation etc. Underwater sensors are totally different from the terrestrial sensors. Terrestrial sensor network uses the radio(More)
Wireless multimedia sensor networks (WMSNs) have emerged as a revolutionary technology, that has shifted the focus of low power wireless sensor networks (WSNs). These networks are aimed at gathering and delivering both scalar and multimedia data from the environment. WMSNs inherit the miniature size, low power, low processing and short range wireless(More)
The main purpose of the Wireless Sensor Network protocols is to enhance the network life time and balance the energy consumption in network. Sensor nodes send their data to the BS. So the nodes which are far away from the BS need more energy to send data. To overcome this problem we introduce a multilevel hierarchical protocol which enhances network(More)
In order to increase network life time scalable, efficient and adaptive routing protocols are need of current time. Many energy efficient protocols have been proposed, the Clustering algorithm is also a basic technique used for energy efficiency. In this paper we propose an energy efficient routing protocol that is based on Artificial Bee Colony (ABC)(More)
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