Hamoum Hakim

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In order to investigate how human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) gains entry to the placenta, we have performed in vitro experiments in which highly purified trophoblast cells isolated from term human placentas were examined for their susceptibility to HIV infection. Trophoblast cells were exposed to cell-free HIV-1 for up to 24 h, after which the cultures(More)
This study presents an attempt to evaluate the antioxidant potential and antimicrobial activity of methanolic extract, and essential oils prepared from the leaves of sage (Salvia officinalis L.). The content of polyphenol in the methanolic extracts from the leaves of Salvia officinalis was determined spectrophotometrically, calculated as gallic acid and(More)
We previously demonstrated that syncytiotrophoblast (ST) cells from term human placentas could be infected when cocultured with HIV-infected lymphocytic cells. Here, we have used fluorescence microscopy and transmission electron microscopy to examine the kinetics of this infection process. Molt-4 clone 8 cells infected with HIV-1Lai or filtered supernatant(More)
The adherence of lymphocytic MOLT-4/clone 8 cells and normal human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) to primary cultures of term human syncytiotrophoblast has been characterized. Adherence was measured using a fluorescence-based assay in which leukocytic cells were labelled with calcein-AM. Adherence of MOLT cells to syncytiotrophoblast increased(More)
Surgical isolation of the suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN) within a hypothalamic island is reported to produce loss of circadian rhythmicity. The results have been interpreted to indicate that SCN efferents are necessary for the expression of circadian rhythms. It is not clear, however, whether the loss of circadian rhythms in behavioral responses following SCN(More)
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