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We discuss recent progresses in computational studies of membrane proteins based on physical models with parameters derived from bioinformatics analysis. We describe computational identification of membrane proteins and prediction of their topology from sequence, discovery of sequence and spatial motifs, and implications of these discoveries. The detection(More)
β-Barrel membrane proteins are found in the outer membrane of gram-negative bacteria, mitochondria, and chloroplasts. They are important for pore formation, membrane anchoring, and enzyme activity. These proteins are also often responsible for bacterial virulence. Due to difficulties in experimental structure determination, they are sparsely represented in(More)
Although the structures of many beta-barrel membrane proteins are available, our knowledge of the principles that govern their energetics and oligomerization states is incomplete. Here we describe a computational method to study the transmembrane (TM) domains of beta-barrel membrane proteins. Our method is based on a physical interaction model, a simplified(More)
Membrane proteins function in the diverse environment of the lipid bilayer. Experimental evidence suggests that some lipid molecules bind tightly to specific sites on the membrane protein surface. These lipid molecules often act as co-factors and play important functional roles. In this study, we have assessed the evolutionary selection pressure experienced(More)
Biogenesis of β-barrel membrane proteins is a complex, multistep, and as yet incompletely characterized process. The bacterial porin family is perhaps the best-studied protein family among β-barrel membrane proteins that allows diffusion of small solutes across the bacterial outer membrane. In this study, we have identified residues that contribute(More)
β-Barrel membrane proteins have regular structures with extensive hydrogen-bond networks between their transmembrane (TM) β-strands, which stabilize their protein fold. Nevertheless, weakly stable TM regions, which are important for the protein function and interaction with other proteins, exist. Here, we report on the apparent stability of human Tom40A, a(More)
The outer mitochondrial membrane protein, the voltage-dependent anion channel (VDAC), is increasingly implicated in the control of apoptosis. Oligomeric assembly of VDAC1 was shown to be coupled to apoptosis induction, with oligomerization increasing substantially upon apoptosis induction and inhibited by apoptosis blockers. In this study, structure- and(More)
Regulation of proliferation is required for normal development of tissues and prevention of cancer formation. Continuous control of proliferation leads to regular shaped cells forming characteristic tissue patterns. Epithelial tissues serve as a model system for studying tissue morphogenesis. Several groups have studied epithelial morphogenesis using(More)
MOTIVATION The inherent promiscuity of small molecules towards protein targets impedes our understanding of healthy versus diseased metabolism. This promiscuity also poses a challenge for the pharmaceutical industry as identifying all protein targets is important to assess (side) effects and repositioning opportunities for a drug. RESULTS Here, we present(More)
Regulation of cell growth and cell division has a fundamental role in tissue formation, organ development, and cancer progression. Remarkable similarities in the topological distributions were found in a variety of proliferating epithelia in both animals and plants. At the same time, there are species with significantly varied frequency of hexagonal cells.(More)