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We discuss recent progresses in computational studies of membrane proteins based on physical models with parameters derived from bioinformatics analysis. We describe computational identification of membrane proteins and prediction of their topology from sequence, discovery of sequence and spatial motifs, and implications of these discoveries. The detection(More)
β-Barrel membrane proteins are found in the outer membrane of gram-negative bacteria, mitochondria, and chloroplasts. They are important for pore formation, membrane anchoring, and enzyme activity. These proteins are also often responsible for bacterial virulence. Due to difficulties in experimental structure determination, they are sparsely represented in(More)
Membrane proteins function in the diverse environment of the lipid bilayer. Experimental evidence suggests that some lipid molecules bind tightly to specific sites on the membrane protein surface. These lipid molecules often act as co-factors and play important functional roles. In this study, we have assessed the evolutionary selection pressure experienced(More)
Background: VDAC1 was shown to undergo oligomeric assembly, an event that is coupled to apoptosis induction. Results: Structure-and computation-based predications of VDAC1 oligomerization sites were confirmed. Conclusion: Upon apoptosis induction, VDAC1 undergoes conformational changes and oligomerization. Significance: Dissection of VDAC1(More)
Regulation of proliferation is required for normal development of tissues and prevention of cancer formation. Continuous control of proliferation leads to regular shaped cells forming characteristic tissue patterns. Epithelial tissues serve as a model system for studying tissue morphogenesis. Several groups have studied epithelial morphogenesis using(More)
Biogenesis of β-barrel membrane proteins is a complex, multistep, and as yet incompletely characterized process. The bacterial porin family is perhaps the best-studied protein family among β-barrel membrane proteins that allows diffusion of small solutes across the bacterial outer membrane. In this study, we have identified residues that contribute(More)
β-Barrel membrane proteins have regular structures with extensive hydrogen-bond networks between their transmembrane (TM) β-strands, which stabilize their protein fold. Nevertheless, weakly stable TM regions, which are important for the protein function and interaction with other proteins, exist. Here, we report on the apparent stability of human Tom40A, a(More)
Regulation of cell growth and cell division has a fundamental role in tissue formation, organ development, and cancer progression. Remarkable similarities in the topological distributions were found in a variety of proliferating epithelia in both animals and plants. At the same time, there are species with significantly varied frequency of hexagonal cells.(More)
A routine approach to inferring functions for a gene set is by using function enrichment analysis based on GO, KEGG or other curated terms and pathways. However, such analysis requires the existence of overlapping genes between the query gene set and those annotated by GO/KEGG. Furthermore, GO/KEGG databases only maintain a very restricted vocabulary. Here,(More)
Regulation of cell growth and proliferation has a fundamental role in tissue development, organogenesis, and disease progression. Conserved distribution of the number of sides of cells with a mean value of six was found in a variety of proliferating epithelia. Previous studies have shown that clones of proliferating cells bounded by quiescent cells have(More)