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BACKGROUND Previous reviews have examined the existence of HIV prevention, treatment, and care services for injecting drug users (IDUs) worldwide, but they did not quantify the scale of coverage. We undertook a systematic review to estimate national, regional, and global coverage of HIV services in IDUs. METHODS We did a systematic search of peer-reviewed(More)
AIMS To review the literature on mortality among dependent or regular users of opioids across regions, according to specific causes, and related to a number of demographic and clinical variables. METHODS Multiple search strategies included searches of Medline, EMBASE and PsycINFO, consistent with the methodology recommended by the Meta-analysis of(More)
OBJECTIVE To measure the effect on genital warts of the national human papillomavirus vaccination programme in Australia, which started in mid-2007. DESIGN Trend analysis of national surveillance data. SETTING Data collated from eight sexual health services from 2004 to 2011; the two largest clinics also collected self reported human papillomavirus(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES In the last few years there has been a steady uptake of mobile phone short message service (SMS) reminders to increase medical attendance rates. We undertook a review of studies that assessed the effectiveness of SMS reminders at increasing the uptake of appointments in health care settings. METHODS We reviewed studies which(More)
BACKGROUND Quadrivalent human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine has high efficacy in clinical trials but no reports describe its effects at a population level. From July, 2007, Australia was the first country to fund a vaccination programme for all women aged 12-26 years. We established a national surveillance network in Australia and aimed to identify trends in(More)
BACKGROUND There has been a rapid decline in the number of young heterosexuals diagnosed with genital warts at outpatient sexual health services since the national human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination program started in Australia in 2007. We assessed the impact of the vaccination program on the number of in-patient treatments for genital warts. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Chlamydia trachomatis is a common sexually transmitted infection in Australia. This report aims to measure the burden of chlamydia infection by systematically reviewing reports on prevalence in Australian populations. METHODS Electronic databases and conference websites were searched from 1997-2011 using the terms 'Chlamydia trachomatis' OR(More)
The benefits of laparoscopic procedures over the traditional open technique for esophagectomy in the management of esophageal cancer are well documented. A disadvantage of the laparoscopic technique is longer surgery, particularly in the early part of a surgeon’s “learning curve.” In a two-stage (Ivor-Lewis) procedure, performance of the esophagogastric(More)
BACKGROUND As most genital chlamydia infections are asymptomatic, screening is the main way to detect and cases for treatment. We undertook a systematic review of studies assessing the efficacy of interventions for increasing the uptake of chlamydia screening in primary care. METHODS We reviewed studies which compared chlamydia screening in the presence(More)