Hamidreza Fonouni

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Malignant hepatic epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (HEH) is a rare malignant tumor of vascular origin with unknown etiology and a variable natural course. The authors present a comprehensive review of the literature on HEH with a focus on clinical outcome after different therapeutic strategies. All published series on patients with HEH (n = 434 patients)(More)
UNLABELLED Transient elastography (FibroScan [FS]) is a novel non-invasive tool to assess liver fibrosis/cirrhosis. However, it remains to be determined if other liver diseases such as extrahepatic cholestasis interfere with fibrosis assessment because liver stiffness is indirectly measured by the propagation velocity of an ultrasound wave within the liver.(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Liver stiffness (LS) as measured by transient elastography [Fibroscan] offers a novel non-invasive approach to assess liver cirrhosis. Since Fibroscan seems to be unreliable in patients with congestive heart failure, it remains to be determined whether hemodynamic changes affect LS irrespective of fibrosis. METHODS & RESULTS Using(More)
Portal vein thrombosis (PVT), a common complication of end stage liver disease, is no longer considered a definite contraindication for liver transplantation (LTx). The clinical decision to perform an LTx in the case of PVT depends on the degree of PVT and the experience of the surgeon. Eversion thromboendovenectomy was suggested by most authors as the(More)
Acute rejection episodes are now as low as 5-20% in the first year after renal transplantation; however, graft half-life has remained almost unchanged in the last decade. This statistic is mainly attributable to the side effects of immunosuppression, with loss of allografts due to the chronic allograft nephropathy that is a consequence of calcineurin(More)
BACKGROUND Despite substantial improvements in intra- and postoperative management of extended hemihepatectomy as the curative option for treatment of central liver tumors, the high morbidity and mortality rates accompanying the procedure still represent major obstacles. Mesohepatectomy preserves up to 35% more functional liver tissue than extended(More)
Wandering spleen, which is defined as a spleen without peritoneal attachments, is a rare disease and a delay in the clinical and/or radiological diagnosis may lead to splenic torsion, infarction, and necrosis. Owing to the physiologic importance of the spleen, especially in children, and the risk of postsplenectomy sepsis, early diagnosis and splenopexy are(More)
Partial cholecystectomy (PC) is an alternative choice to standard cholecystectomy in situations with increased risk of Calot's components injury. We reported our experience with the patients treated with PC and reviewed the literature. Fifty-four patients with complex acute cholecystitis underwent PC, including conventional partial cholecystectomy (CPC; n =(More)
OBJECTIVE Insulinoma with an incidence of 0.4% is a rare pancreatic tumor. Preserving surgery is the treatment of choice. Exact localization is necessary to plan the appropriate approach. This article gives an overview on localization and surgical strategies for treatment of insulinoma. METHODS In this systematic review, 114 articles with 6222 cases of(More)
Mesh reinforcement in hiatal hernia surgery is debated. Randomized controlled trials have shown that recurrences may be reduced, but there is also the fear of mesh-related complications. Experimental studies on the characteristics of specific mesh types with regard to the risk of such complications are rare. The current study aimed to investigate the(More)