Hamidou Traoré

Learn More
The line probe assay (LiPA), a rapid molecular method for detecting rifampicin resistance (RMPr) in Mycobacterium tuberculosis, correctly identified all 145 rifampicin-sensitive (RMPs) and 262 (98.5%) of 266 RMPr strains among 411 isolates collected from diverse countries. If used as a marker of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB), detection of RMPr(More)
BACKGROUND This study was conducted to determine the efficacy of the antimalarial artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) artesunate +sulfamethoxypyrazine/pyrimethamine (As+SMP), administered in doses used for malaria, to treat Schistosoma haematobium in school aged children. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS The study was conducted in Djalakorodji, a(More)
In a tuberculosis (TB) program in the Central Penitentiary Hospital of Azerbaijan, we analyzed 65 isolates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis by IS6110-based restriction fragment-length polymorphism (RFLP) and spoligotyping. From 11 clusters associated with 33 patients, 31 isolates had an IS6110-based banding pattern characteristic of the Beijing genotype of M.(More)
BACKGROUND Macrolides show high minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) against Pseudomonas aeruginosa when tested in recommended media (cation-adjusted Muller-Hinton broth [CA-MHB]). Nevertheless, azithromycin is successfully used in cystic fibrosis patients, supposedly because of "nonantibiotic effects." METHODS CA-MHB and Roswell Park Memorial(More)
Because of the emergence of chloroquine resistance in Mali, artemether-lumefantrine (AL) or artesunate-amodiaquine (AS+AQ) are recommended as first-line therapy for uncomplicated malaria, but have not been available in Mali until recently because of high costs. From July 2005 to January 2006, a randomized open-label trial of three oral antimalarial(More)
BACKGROUND The proportion of cases of tuberculosis due to recent infection can be estimated in long-term population-based studies using molecular techniques. Here, we present what is, to our knowledge, the first such study in an area with high human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevalence. METHODS All patients with tuberculosis in Karonga District,(More)
Anandamide (N-arachidonoylethanolamine) has been identified as an endogenous ligand of the G-protein coupled cannabinoid CB(1) receptor. Recent studies have postulated the existence of carrier-mediated anandamide transport which is involved in the termination of the biological effects of anandamide. A membrane bound amidohydrolase (fatty acid amide(More)
Respiratory disease is the main cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). In particular, patients suffer from chronic infection due to biofilm formation by opportunistic Pseudomonas aeruginosa (32). Therefore, there is an urgent need to develop alternative ways to treat biofilm-associated clinical infections. The aim of this(More)
Buruli ulcer (BU), caused by Mycobacterium ulcerans, was recently recognized by the World Health Organization as an important emerging disease. While antimycobacterial therapy is often effective for the earliest nodular or ulcerative lesions, medical management of BU lesions in patients presenting for treatment is usually disappointing, leaving wide(More)