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Hesperidin (Hsd) and its aglycone, hesperetin (Hst), are two flavonoids from citrus species that have various biological properties. Over the past decade, a large number of papers have been published regarding the biological activities of these compounds and their molecular mechanisms. In this paper, we reviewed the neuropharmacology of Hsd and Hst as a(More)
Many plants produce flavonoids as secondary metabolites. These organic compounds may be involved in the defense against plant-threatening factors, such as microbes and toxins. Certain flavonoids protect their origin source against plant pathogens, but they also exhibit potential healthy properties in human organisms. Hesperidin (Hsd) and its aglycone,(More)
Inflammation and oxidative stress are two major causes of various life-threatening diseases. Hesperidin (Hsd) and its aglycone, hesperetin (Hst), are two flavonoids from citrus species that have numerous biological properties, particularly antioxidant and anti-inflammatory. New findings showed that the antioxidant activity of Hsd/Hst was not only limited to(More)
Lack of safe, efficient and controllable methods for delivering therapeutic genes appears to be the most important factor preventing human gene therapy. Safety issues encountered with viral vectors have prompted substantial attention to in vivo investigations with non-viral vectors throughout the past decade. However, developing non-viral vectors with(More)
Hesperidin (Hsd) and its aglycone, hesperetin (Hst), are two flavonoids from citrus species that have various biological properties, particularly those for the prevention of cancer and cardiovascular diseases. Studies have shown both anti-cancer and cancer chemopreventive effects for Hsd and Hst. Cancer chemopreventive properties of Hsd and Hst are mainly(More)
Conjugation of various arginine-rich peptide sequences to vectors based on 10 kDa polyethylenimine (PEI) and its hydrophobic derivative (hexanoate-PEI) was investigated as a strategy for improving pDNA and siRNA transfection activities. Six different arginine-histidine (RH) sequences and two arginine-serine (RS) sequences with a range of R/H ratios were(More)
Synthetic and biological vesicular carriers have been recognized as attractive and intelligent systems for delivery of a verity of bioactive molecules. The importance of such delivery systems can be mostly due to their physicochemical properties, i.e. a lipid bilayer surrounding an aqueous core which allows encapsulation and protection of active hydrophilic(More)
Gene therapy is a novel method to treat a variety of diseases including genetic disorders and cancer. Nonviral gene carriers have now gained considerable attention as gene carrier systems. Polyamidoamine (PAMAM) and polypropyleneimine (PPI) are the two most widely used denderimers in gene delivery studies. The aim of the current study was to investigate the(More)
Branched polyethylenimine (PEI) is extensively used as a polycationic non-viral vector for gene delivery. Polyplexes formed with PEI are believed to be released from endocytotic vesicles by the osmotic burst mechanism in the rate-limiting step in transfection. Increasing the buffering capacity of PEI derivatives in the endosomal pH range of 4.5-7.5 should(More)
OBJECTIVES Targeted delivery of cytotoxic drugs or therapeutic antisense RNAs into specific cells is a major bottleneck in cancer therapy. To overcome this problem and improve the specificity for cancer cells, we describe a new-targeted delivery system using p53-derived peptides, namely PNC 27 and PNC 28. These peptides target HDM-2 on the surface of cancer(More)