Hamideh Dehghani

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Background: Smoking is known as the major cause of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In COPD, most of pulmonary function tests (PFTs) specially those indicating the diameter of airways are reduced. There are reports that bronchodilator drugs have no or a very little effect on PFT of COPD patients. Therefore, in this study PFTs of smokers were(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with long-term complications of sulfur mustard (SM) poisoning are often less able to undertake optimum levels of physical activity and adequately control their dietary intake. The aim of present study was to investigate the dietary intake of patients with SM poisoning in comparison to a control group Methods: The study was undertaken on(More)
INTRODUCTION Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a progressive and irreversible impairment of kidney function; if it progresses to the end-stage of CKD, dialysis or kidney transplant is needed. In general, there are no definitive treatment to slow the progression of CKD. This study aimed to determine the effect of synbiotic supplementations on azotemia in(More)
BACKGROUND Estimating pain in patients of intensive care unit (ICU) is essential, but because of their special situation, verbal scales cannot be used. Therefore, to estimate the level of pain, behavioral pain scale was developed by Payen in 2001. OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to investigate the validity and reliability of behavioral pain scale in(More)
BACKGROUND Bruising is an unpleasant result of subcutaneous injection of Enoxaparin, which causes physical discomfort, limitation of injection site, patient's refusal of treatment, and distrust in nurses' ability. The application of techniques which reduce patients' fear, anxiety, and physical damage is one of the tasks of nurses. This clinical trial(More)
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