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Urinary reflux can cause irreversible complications such as reflux nephropathy and ESRD. Diagnostic imaging such as voiding cystourethrogram (VCUG) is invasive and causes irradiation. Several studies have shown that markers such as urine IL-8 or serum Procalcitonin might be useful for the diagnosis of vesico-ureteral reflux (VUR) as a substitution for(More)
Childhood hypertension has been extensively focused on in the past decades because of its increasing incidence, which is related to physicians' awareness and the increasing number of obese children. Age, gender, and body size are the main determinants of blood pressure in children. The revised childhood blood pressure tables of the National High Blood(More)
Conventional Jaffe method of serum creatinine measurement is influenced by several drugs and components of blood as well as the expertise of laboratory staffs. We obtained blood samples of 22 healthy volunteers and sent them to 23 laboratories in Rasht, Iran, in which the conventional Jaffe method would be used for serum creatinine measurement. Also, we(More)
INTRODUCTION Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) is a risk factor for kidney scarring, hypertension and declining renal function. Standard diagnostic methods are invasive and can cause exposure to radiation and urinary tract infections (UTIs). We aimed to investigate urine albumin and interleukin-8 levels as markers of ongoing VUR and renal damage in children(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to determine the effect of oral ondansetron in decreasing the vomiting due to acute gastroenteritis in children. METHODS In a single center, randomized, double blind, controlled trial, the effect of oral ondansetron was compared with placebo on 176 patients between 1 and 10 years old with acute gastroenteritis. 30(More)
Multicystic dysplastic kidney is a noninherited congenital disease. Association of this disease with abnormalities of various organs is common. We, however, report a rare case of multicystic dysplastic kidney associated with congenital ichthyosiform erythroderma in an infant. Different developmental origins of the skin and the kidney can explain the(More)
Errors in blood pressure (BP) measurement are common in the clinical practice. Inaccurate measurements of BP may lead to misdiagnosis and inappropriate treatment of hypertension. The preferred method of BP measurement in the clinical setting is auscultation, using the first and the fifth Korotkoff sounds. However, the use of mercury sphygmomanometer is(More)
INTRODUCTION Gastroenteritis (GE) is one of the most common pediatric diseases. Hyponatremia commonly occurs by administering hypotonic fluids to GE and hospitalized children. Yet, there is no consensus on the ideal method of treatment. OBJECTIVES we aimed to assess suitable intravenous (IV) fluid for preventing dysnatremia in children with GE. PATIENTS(More)
In the past 3 decades, ultrasonography has gifted internal organs visualization to physicians to have a better detection of various diseases. Previously performed solely by radiologists as a method with high feasibility and accuracy, recently ultrasonography is being recommended and used by many other physicians in practice. Ultrasonography not only can be(More)