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BACKGROUND Extracts of milk thistle (MT), Silybum marianum, have been used as medical remedies since the time of ancient Greece. Methotrexate is a potentially hepatotxic drug. OBJECTIVES To clarify the hepatoprotective effects of MT on methotrexate. MATERIALS AND METHODS From January 2010 to April 2010, 30 male rats were recruited into three 10-rat(More)
INTRODUCTION Proteinuria and albuminuria are established risk factors for progressive renal damage. Albuminuria can be effectively controlled by antihypertensive drugs that interrupt the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system. However, the efficiency of N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) in preventing diabetic nephropathy is uncertain. Renoprotective effects of(More)
BACKGROUND Type 2 diabetes is the fourth major public health problem worldwide. Royal Jelly (RJ) insulin-like activity and blood glucose modulating properties have been reported in animal and healthy volunteers. OBJECTIVES This study aimed to investigate the effect of a single dose of fresh RJ as a complementary therapy on glycemic response in patients(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic diseases are usually accompanied by psychological abnormalities. Anxiety and depression occur in a significant number of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). These psychological problems are likely, to be the results of chronic physical symptoms such as pain and disability. OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was the evaluation of(More)
BACKGROUND Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is an inflammatory rheumatic disease that leads to a progressive ankylosis of vertebras and ossification of paravertebral ligaments. Bone loss and osteoporosis are amongst the important complications of AS, treatment of which is a challenging issue. OBJECTIVES This study aimed to clarify the effect of alendronate on(More)
A 20-year-old woman was admitted to a Gynecology Hospital in her 6(th) month of pregnancy for high blood pressure and tonic-clonic seizure. Primary diagnosis was eclampsia, and for that reason she underwent cesarean section. She also had headache on frontal and parietal areas without nausea or vomiting. There was not a focal neurological sign. Rheumatology(More)
BACKGROUND Aorta Coarctation (AC) is uncommon condition that in most adult patients is asymptomatic. Diagnosis of AC is made during routine physical examination by detection of Blood Pressure (BP) difference between arm and leg. AIM To describe a novel renal artery Doppler flow pattern pathognomonic of aortic coarctation. METHODS We enrolled 4(More)
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