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Rho/ROCK signaling and caveolin-1 (Cav1) are implicated in tumor cell migration and metastasis; however, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain poorly defined. Cav1 was found here to be an independent predictor of decreased survival in breast and rectal cancer and significantly associated with the presence of distant metastasis for colon cancer(More)
beta-Catenin nuclear translocation is frequently observed in different types of malignancies, including gastric cancer. In gastric cancer, however, the molecular mechanisms leading to accumulation of this protein in the nucleus remain unknown. In this setting, beta-catenin (CTNNB1) mutations have been reported, but studies of mutation frequency have yielded(More)
BACKGROUND Anaplastic thyroid cancer is an endocrine malignancy. Its rare and rapidly lethal disease course has made it challenging to study. Little is known regarding the expression by anaplastic tumors of molecular targets for new human anticancer agents that have been studied in the preclinical or clinical setting. The objective of this work was to(More)
Loss of major histocompatibility class II (MHC class II) molecules on diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) has been associated with poor survival; however, none of these reports analysed a uniformly treated patient cohort. This study was designed to validate one MHC class II antigen, HLA-DR, as a prognostic marker in patients uniformly treated with the(More)
We studied the role of multiple biomarkers in determining outcome in follicular lymphoma (FL), concentrating in particular on the role of benign macrophages. The study group consisted of uniformly staged and treated patients with FL enrolled in a phase 2 trial between 1987 and 1993. All patients were younger than 61 years of age, had advanced-stage FL, and(More)
Drugs that target the insulin-like growth factor-I receptor (IGF-IR) and/or insulin receptor (IR) are currently under investigation for a variety of malignancies including breast cancer. Although we have previously reported that IGF-IR expression in primary breast tumors is common, the activation status of this receptor has not been examined in relation to(More)
INTRODUCTION Advances in molecular biology have led to the identification of potential markers of prognostic and therapeutic importance in human cancers. HER-2 testing and targeted therapy now represents a critical cornerstone in the management of breast cancer. The objectives of the current study were to determine the frequency and prognostic significance(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic and prognostic utility of the type 1 growth factor receptor family in the management of differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC). METHODS Tissue microarrays consisting of 100 benign thyroid lesions and 105 malignant thyroid lesions stained for HER1, HER2, HER3, and HER4 were evaluated. RESULTS(More)
BACKGROUND Anaplastic thyroid cancer arises, or transforms, from pre-existing differentiated thyroid cancer. E-cadherin functions as a cell-cell adhesion molecule that complexes with catenin proteins for function. The objective of this study was to evaluate the change in E-cadherin/beta-catenin expression in the transformation of differentiated to(More)
INTRODUCTION Gene expression analysis is used to subtype breast cancers such that the most aggressive tumors are identified, but translating this into clinical practice can be cumbersome. Our goal is to develop a universal biomarker that distinguishes patients at high risk across all breast cancer subtypes. We previously reported that Y-box binding(More)