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According to Poole et al. (1970, J. Cell Biol. 45:408-415), newly synthesized peroxisomal proteins are incorporated uniformly into peroxisomes (PO) of different size classes, suggesting that rat hepatic PO form a homogeneous population. There is however increasing cytochemical and biochemical evidence that PO in rat liver are heterogenous, undergoing(More)
Treatment of rats with a new hypocholesterolemic drug BM 15766 induces proliferation of peroxisomes in pericentral regions of the liver lobule with distinct alterations of the peroxisomal membrane (Baumgart, E., K. Stegmeier, F. H. Schmidt, and H. D. Fahimi. 1987. Lab. Invest. 56:554-564). We have used ultrastructural cytochemistry in conjunction with(More)
Peroxisomes contribute to several crucial metabolic processes such as β-oxidation of fatty acids, biosynthesis of ether phospholipids and metabolism of reactive oxygen species, which render them indispensable to human health and development. Peroxisomes are highly dynamic organelles that rapidly assemble, multiply and degrade in response to metabolic needs.(More)
More than half a century of research on peroxisomes has revealed unique features of this ubiquitous subcellular organelle, which have often been in disagreement with existing dogmas in cell biology. About 50 peroxisomal enzymes have so far been identified, which contribute to several crucial metabolic processes such as beta-oxidation of fatty acids,(More)
The unusual amino acid D-aspartate is present in significant amounts in brain and endocrine glands and is supposed to be involved in neurotransmission and neurosecretion (Wolosker et al. [2000] Neuroscience 100:183-189). D-aspartate oxidase is the only enzyme known to metabolize D-aspartate and could regulate its level in different regions of the brain. We(More)
The three-dimensional (3-D) form and the interrelationship of peroxisomes (Po) in the model of regenerating rat liver after partial hepatectomy were studied by computer-assisted 3-D reconstruction of serial ultrathin sections. Po were labeled cytochemically for either catalase, which stains them all uniformly, or for D-amino acid oxidase (DAA-OX), which(More)
The matrix of mammalian peroxisomes frequently contains crystalline inclusions. The most common inclusions are membrane associated plate-like "marginal plates" of hitherto unknown nature in renal peroxisomes and central polytubular "cores" composed of urate oxidase in hepatic peroxisomes. In bovine kidney, peroxisomes of proximal tubules exhibit peculiar(More)
The past decade has witnessed unprecedented progress in elucidation of the complex problems of the biogenesis of peroxisomes and related human disorders, with further deepening of our understanding of the metabolic role of this ubiquitous cell organelle. There have been many recent reviews on biochemical and molecular biological aspects of peroxisomes, with(More)