Hamed Shafaroodi

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Cannabinoid and opioid receptor agonists show functional interactions in a number of their physiological effects. Regarding the seizure-modulating properties of both classes of receptors, the present study examined the possibility of a functional interaction between these receptors. We used acute systemic administration of cannabinoid selective CB(1)(More)
In this study, we evaluated the involvement of N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDAR)/nitric oxide (NO) system on the antidepressant-like effects of paroxetine in the mouse forced swimming test. Swim sessions were conducted by placing mice in individual glass cylinders filled with water for 6 min. The duration of behavioral immobility during the last 4 min(More)
Nitric oxide is known to modulate intracellular glutathione levels, but the relationship between nitric oxide synthesis and glutathione metabolism during endotoxemia is unknown. The present study was designed to examine the effects of increased nitric oxide formation on hepatic glutathione synthesis and antioxidant defense in endotoxemic mice. Our results(More)
Previous studies have been shown that the adrenergic system involves in gastric secretion and pathogenesis of peptic lesion and activation of alpha(2)-adrenoceptors located on the vagus nerve inhibits gastric acid secretion. Bromocriptine, a dopamine receptor agonist, also has alpha(2) agonistic effect and prevents indomethacin-induced gastric ulcer.(More)
Several lines of evidence suggest that cannabinoid compounds are anticonvulsant since they have inhibitory effects at micromolar doses, which are mediated by activated receptors coupling to Gi/o proteins. Surprisingly, both the analgesic and anticonvulsant effects of opioids are enhanced by ultra-low doses (nanomolar to picomolar) of the opioid antagonist(More)
Atorvastatin has neuroprotective effects, and there is some evidence that nitric oxide is involved in atorvastatin effects. In this study, we evaluated whether the nitrergic system is involved in the anticonvulsant effects of chronic atorvastatin administration. Intravenous and intraperitoneal pentylenetetrazol were used to induce seizures in mice. Chronic(More)
A new type of 1-aryl-5-(4-methylsulfonylphenyl)imidazoles, possessing C-2 alkylthio (SMe or SEt) substituents, were designed and synthesized for evaluation as selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors with in vivo anti-inflammatory activity. The compound, 1-(4-bromophenyl)-5-(4-methylsulfonylphenyl)-2-methylthioimidazole (11g), was the most potent and(More)
Behavioral sensitization occurs after repeated administration of μ-opioid receptor agonists following a drug-free period. It seems that the changes in dopaminergic systems induced by μ-opioid receptor agonists play a crucial role in behavioral sensitization to opioids. Nitric oxide also plays a role in some behavioral effects of morphine, including(More)
Short-term ligation of bile duct has been used as a model to study acute cholestasis and is associated with various cardiovascular abnormalities. We examined the role of nitric oxide (NO) and endogenous opioids on epinephrine-induced arrhythmia in 7-day bile duct-ligated (BDL) rats. Six groups of rats, each of which was subdivided into two subgroups(More)
Cannabinoid compounds are anticonvulsant since they have inhibitory effects at micromolar doses, which are mediated by activated receptors coupling to G(i/o) proteins. Surprisingly, both the analgesic and anticonvulsant effects of opioids are enhanced by ultra-low doses (nanomolar to picomolar) of the opioid antagonist naltrexone and as opioid and(More)