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OBJECTIVE In this study, we evaluated the involvement of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR)/nitric oxide (NO) system on the antidepressant-like effects of paroxetine in the mouse forced swimming test. METHOD Swim sessions were conducted by placing mice in individual glass cylinders filled with water for 6 min. The duration of behavioral immobility(More)
Atorvastatin has neuroprotective effects, and there is some evidence that nitric oxide is involved in atorvastatin effects. In this study, we evaluated whether the nitrergic system is involved in the anticonvulsant effects of chronic atorvastatin administration. Intravenous and intraperitoneal pentylenetetrazol were used to induce seizures in mice. Chronic(More)
Behavioral sensitization occurs after repeated administration of μ-opioid receptor agonists following a drug-free period. It seems that the changes in dopaminergic systems induced by μ-opioid receptor agonists play a crucial role in behavioral sensitization to opioids. Nitric oxide also plays a role in some behavioral effects of morphine, including(More)
A new type of 4,5-diaryl-4H-1,2,4-triazole, possessing C-3 thio and alkylthio (SH, SMe or SEt) substituents, was designed and synthesized for evaluation as selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors with in vivo anti-inflammatory activity. The compound, 3-ethylthio-5-(4-fluorophenyl)-4-(4-methylsulfonylphenyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazole (10d), exhibited a high in(More)
The analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties of Citrus aurantium L. blossoms essential oil (neroli) were investigated in mice and rats. The analgesic activity of neroli was assessed by acetic acid-induced writhing and Eddy’s hot plate methods, while acute and chronic anti-inflammatory effects were investigated by inflammatory paw edema in rat and the(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Several studies have reported that endogenous opioid and cannabinoid systems may be involved in some pathophysiological changes occurring in cholestatic liver disease. It is well known that endogenous opioids and cannabinoids alter the susceptibility of experimental animals to different models of seizure. METHODS The alterations in(More)
Cannabinoid and opioid receptor agonists show functional interactions in a number of their physiological effects. Regarding the seizure-modulating properties of both classes of receptors, the present study examined the possibility of a functional interaction between these receptors. We used acute systemic administration of cannabinoid selective CB(1)(More)
Nasal obstruction and consequent mouth breathing have been shown to change the acid-base balance, producing respiratory acidosis. Additionally, there exists a large body of evidence maintaining that acidosis affects the activity of ATP-sensitive potassium (K(ATP)) channels, which play a crucial role in the function of the central nervous system (CNS), for(More)
Although several studies have indicated that the opioid receptor agonist morphine exerts biphasic effects on clonic seizure threshold, as yet little is known of the underlying mechanisms in this effect. In the present study, using the specific ATP-sensitive K(+) (K(ATP)) channel blocker glibenclamide and the specific K(ATP) channel opener cromakalim, the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Relaxation of corpus cavernosum, which is mediated by nitric oxide (NO) released from non-adrenergic non-cholinergic (NANC) neurotransmission, is critical for inducing penile erection and can be affected by many pathophysiological conditions. However, the peripheral effect of liver cirrhosis on erectile function is as yet unknown. The(More)