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Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a multifactorial disease with unknown etiology characterized by oxidative stress, leukocyte infiltration, and rise in inflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF-alpha). Lithium, as a therapeutic agent for bipolar disorder, exerts some anti-inflammatory properties. In this study we have investigated the(More)
Inflammatory bowel disease comprises chronic recurrent inflammation of gastrointestinal tract. This study was conducted to investigate inosine, a potent immunomodulator, in 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulphonic acid (TNBS)-induced chronic model of experimental colitis, and contribution of adenosine A(2A) receptors and the metabolite uric acid as possible(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Antibodies against the "a" determinant of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) are able to neutralize circulating hepatitis B virus (HBV) particles and prevent HBV infection. It has been proposed that a single amino acid exchange may allow the virus to escape the immune response. We used a set of monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) to investigate(More)
BACKGROUND The antibody response to hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) controls hepatitis B virus infection. The "a" determinant of HBsAg is the most important target for protective antibody response, diagnosis and immunoprophylaxis. Mutations in this area may induce immune escape mutants and affect the performance of HBsAg assays. OBJECTIVES To(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatitis B virus (HBV) surface antigen (HBsAg) induces a vigorous neutralizing antibody response, which causes effective protection against HBV infection. Little is known about the profile of variable region genes of immunoglobuline heavy (VH) and light (VL) chains rearranged in anti-HBs antibodies, and also the possible association of this(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a multi-factorial disease with an unknown etiology characterized by oxidative stress, leukocyte infiltration and a rise in inflammatory cytokines. This study was conducted to investigate lithium in 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS)-induced chronic model of experimental IBD, and the contribution(More)
Breast cancer, the most common cancer among women, is a heterogeneous and complex disease, which detail of its precise progression mechanisms is less understood. So, an improved comprehension of the precise molecular mechanisms leading to disease progression and design of effective targeted therapies are required for patients with breast cancer. MicroRNAs(More)
Esophageal cancer (EC) is the most invasive disease associated with inclusive poor prognosis. EC usually is found as either adenocarcinoma (EAC) or squamous cell carcinomas (ESCC). ESCC forms in squamous cells and highly occurs in the upper third of the esophagus. EAC appears in glandular cells and ordinarily develops in the lower one third of the esophagus(More)
BACKGROUND Several studies have shown that omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) may improve insulin resistance in various diseases. However, the possible effect of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) supplementation on insulin resistance in PCOS still remains unclear. We evaluated the effect of omega-3 PUFA supplementation on(More)
Adult T-cell leukemia (ATL) and HTLV-1-associated Myelopathy/Tropical Spastic Paraparesis (HAM/TSP) are the two main diseases that are caused by the HTLV-1 virus. One of the features of HTLV-1 infection is its resistance against programmed cell death, which maintains the survival of cells to oncogenic transformation and underlies the viruses' therapeutic(More)