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The usefulness of imidazole-buffered osmium tetroxide as a stain for lipids in transmission electron microscopy has been investigated. Rat liver and other tissues were fixed by perfusion with glutaraldehyde and post-fixed with osmium-imidazole and the appearance of lipid droplets was compared with that after post-fixation in unbuffered aqueous osmium(More)
We have studied the interaction of microtubules with peroxisomes and the influence of changes in the microtubular network on the peroxisomal compartment. From the several cell lines analyzed for this purpose, HepG2 cells proved to be the best candidate exhibiting both a well-developed cytoskeleton and a peroxisomal compartment with great plasticity. Three(More)
Prominent staining of rat hepatic microbodies was obtained by incubating sections of aldehyde-fixed rat liver in a modified Graham and Karnovsky's medium for ultrastructural demonstration of peroxidase activity. The electron-opaque reaction product was deposited uniformly over the matrix of the microbodies. The microbodies were identified by their size,(More)
The aim of this work was to determine the immunolocalization of the antioxidant enzymes catalase, Cu,Zn-superoxide dismutase (SOD), Mn-SOD, and glutathione peroxidase (GPX) in the bivalve mollusks Mytilus galloprovincialis and Crassostrea sp., the crab Carcinus maenas, and the teleostean fish Mugil cephalus. By immunoblotting, crossreactivity between(More)
Beef liver catalase was injected intravenously into mice, and its distribution in the kidney, myocardium, and liver was studied with the electron microscope. A specific and relatively sensitive method was developed for its ultrastructural localization, based on the peroxidatic activity of catalase and employing a modified Graham and Karnovsky incubation(More)
The central role of peroxisomes in the generation and scavenging of hydrogen peroxide has been well known ever since their discovery almost four decades ago. Recent studies have revealed their involvement in metabolism of oxygen free radicals and nitric oxide that have important functions in intra- and intercellular signaling. The analysis of the role of(More)
Zellweger syndrome (cerebro-hepato-renal syndrome) is the most severe form of the peroxisomal biogenesis disorders leading to early death of the affected children. To study the pathogenetic mechanisms causing organ dysfunctions in Zellweger syndrome, we have recently developed a knockout-mouse model by disrupting the PEX5 gene, encoding the targeting(More)
Peroxisomes in the human hepatoblastoma cell line HepG2 exhibit a high degree of plasticity. Whereas in confluent cultures they appear as small (0.1-0.3 micrometer) spherical particles, they undergo dramatic changes, forming elongated tubules measuring up to 5 micrometer on separation of cells and cultivation at low density. We recently showed that several(More)
The subcellular localization of l-lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in rat hepatocytes has been studied by analytical subcellular fractionation combined with the immunodetection of LDH in isolated subcellular fractions and liver sections by immunoblotting and immunoelectron microscopy. The results clearly demonstrate the presence of LDH in the matrix of(More)
The classic method of Leighton et al. [(1968) J. Cell Biol. 37, 482-513] for the isolation of peroxisomes from rat liver involves the use of Triton WR-1339 which alters the biochemical properties of this organelle and requires the specialized type Beaufay-rotor which is not easily available. We have employed Metrizamide as the gradient medium and a(More)