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The prevalence of sleep disorders is higher in patients with kidney failure than the general population. We studied the prevalence of sleep disorders in 88 (mean age; 41.59 +/- 16.3 years) chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients at the Urology and Nephrology Center, Mansoura University, Egypt over 4-month period. The investigated sleep disorders included(More)
BACKGROUND Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease characterized by a wide variety of autoantibodies, some of which are pathogenic. In recent years it has become more evident that the polyclonal B cell activation in SLE is T-cell dependent. The stimulation of the autoantibody producing B cells is likely mediated by the TH2 subtype of T(More)
INTRODUCTION Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is the leading cause of chronic kidney failure, however the mechanisms underlying the characteristic expansion of the extracellular matrix (ECM) in diabetic kidneys remain controversial and unclear. In non-diabetic kidney scarring the protein crosslinking enzyme tissue transglutaminase (tTg) has been implicated in this(More)
BACKGROUND The precise mechanisms underlying the development of chronic allograft nephropathy (CAN) and the associated renal fibrosis remain uncertain. The protein-crosslinking enzyme, tissue transglutaminase (tTg), has recently been implicated in renal fibrosis. METHODS.: We investigated the involvement of tTg and its crosslink product,(More)
BACKGROUND The development of early renal interstitial fibrosis (IF) in renal allografts is likely to depend on multiple factors. We studied retrospectively renal biopsies from cadaveric human renal allografts, transplanted from 1996 to 1998, with the intention of detecting early fibrotic changes and determining the underlying cellular mediators. We studied(More)
BACKGROUND Because of the possible role of cytokines including interleukins (IL) in systemic non-thyroidal illnesses' (NTI) pathogenesis and consequently the frequently associated alterations in thyroid hormone (TH) concentrations constituting the euthyroid sick syndrome (ESS), we aimed in this research to elucidate the possible relation between IL-6 &(More)
BACKGROUND Early fibrosis has been described in renal allografts and implicated in the progression of chronic allograft nephropathy (CAN). The precise factors implicated in the initiation and progression of early allograft fibrosis remain uncertain. PATIENTS AND METHODS We studied retrospectively 23 cadaveric renal allograft recipients over a 3-year(More)
INTRODUCTION Albuminuria is an important risk predictor of chronic kidney disease and cardiovascular disease. In this study, we aim to evaluate the prevalence of increased urinary albumin excretion (UAE) rate amongst a subgroup of young Saudi army/navy recruits. METHODS 2,000 Saudi military recruits were tested for microalbuminuria by dipstick and 24-hour(More)
INTRODUCTION Haemodialysis (HD) patients appear to have particular susceptibility for cardiovascular (CV) diseases with lipid abnormalities among its significant contributors. However, there is controversy concerning the combined effect on lipid constituents during HD of the three commonly used variables; the type of heparin, dialysis membrane and the(More)
INTRODUCTION The spectrum of kidney functional and structural alterations in sickle cell hemoglobinopathy (SCH) is broad. Also, morbidity and mortality from end organ dysfunction, especially cardiorenal dysfunction, are substantial. Consequently, screening an SCH population prospectively for surrogate markers of cardiorenal risk such as albuminuria and(More)