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The Infectious Diseases Working Party of the European Blood and Marrow Transplant Group conducted a survey to obtain information about the frequency, presentation, and treatment of mycobacterial infection (MBI) in stem cell transplant (SCT) recipients. Among 29 centers, MBI was diagnosed in 0.79% of 1513 allogeneic and 0.23% of 3012 autologous SCT(More)
Although hepatitis B virus (HBV) reactivation in HBV carriers undergoing immunosuppressive therapy is clearly documented, the role of antiviral prophylaxis in such individuals is still controversial. The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy of lamivudine prophylaxis in HBV carriers with haemato/oncological malignancies, who receive chemotherapy.(More)
Iron deficiency anemia is a cause of reactive thrombocytosis. A moderate increase in platelet numbers is common but sometimes counts may exceed 1,000 x 10(9)/l. The mechanisms causing reactive thrombocytosis are unclear. In this study, we evaluated 15 women with iron deficiency anemia and thrombocytosis (platelets >450 x 10(9)/l) and 16 women with iron(More)
OBJECTIVE Acute appendicitis is the most common indication for emergency abdominal surgery. To our knowledge, MR imaging has not been compared with sonography for revealing acute appendicitis. Our aim was to assess and compare the accuracy, advantages, and limitations of MR imaging and sonography in revealing appendicitis. SUBJECTS AND METHODS The study(More)
BACKGROUND Anti-cancer treatment and the cancer population have evolved since the last European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) fungemia survey, and there are few recent large epidemiological studies. METHODS This was a prospective cohort study including 145 030 admissions of patients with cancer from 13 EORTC centers. Incidence,(More)
Tuberculosis (TB) is an increasing health problem, and patients undergoing stem cell transplantation (SCT) are at high risk of acquiring TB. Following a review of the medical literature, this article reports the current situation of TB in SCT patients. A PubMed search was undertaken using the keywords 'tuberculosis', 'stem cell transplantation' and 'bone(More)
Invasive fungal disease (IFD), predominantly aspergillosis, is associated with significant morbidity and mortality in immunocompromised patients, especially those with haematological malignancies and recipients of allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation. There has been a great deal of scientific debate as to the effectiveness of antifungal(More)
In general, tuberculosis (Tb) is rarely seen in allogeneic stem cell transplant (alloSCT) recipients, but this observation has been challenged in developing countries such as Turkey, where Tb infection is more prevalent than in Europe and the US. In this retrospective study, we report on the incidence of Tb infections in 351 alloSCT recipients at 4 bone(More)
Caspofungin at standard dose was evaluated as first-line monotherapy of mycologically documented probable/proven invasive aspergillosis (IA) (unmodified European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer/Mycosis Study Group criteria) in allogeneic hematopoietic SCT patients. The primary efficacy end point was complete or partial response at end of(More)
Eighty three patients with neutropenia and cancer were randomised to receive either 1 g meropenem tds or amikacin 15 mg/kg single dose daily plus ceftazidime 2 g tds. No prophylactic antibiotics were allowed before entry to the trial. Seventy seven patients were available for analysis. Infection was microbiologically or clinically documented in 53 episodes(More)