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The adults of Hemigrapsus edwardsii and Hemigrapsus crenulatus are euryhaline crabs and strong hyper-osmoregulators. Their embryos are carried externally attached to the abdominal pleopods of female crabs, where they are exposed to temporal and spatial changes in salinity associated with their intertidal and estuarine habitats. Although embryos lack the(More)
SUMMARY Holthuisana valentula Riek and H. agassizi (Rathbun) both ventilate their lungs by lateral oscillations of the thoracic walls within the branchial chambers. Air enters and leaves the lungs via the prebranchial apertures and the Milne-Edwards apertures. At rest, active ventilation in H. transversa was low (0-95 mlg~^ h" 1) and a high diffusional(More)
SUMMARY Holthuisana transversa (von Martens), a freshwater/land crab from arid areas of Australia, is an efficient bimodal breather. In water, resting MO2 (1-65^molg"^" 1) and V w (lS^mlg" 1 h" 1) at 25°C were lower than in other aquatic crabs whilst percentage extraction of oxygen was quite high (47 %). MO2 was not regulated at low ambient PQ2 but could be(More)
We performed a kinome-wide siRNA screen and identified 70 kinases altering cell migration in A549 lung cancer cells. In particular, ribosomal S6 kinase 1 (RSK1) silencing increased, whereas RSK2 and RSK4 downregulation inhibited cell motility. In a secondary collagen-based three-dimensional invasion screen, 38 of our hits cross-validated, including RSK1 and(More)
This study examined whether the existence of hyperosmotic internal fluids in embryos of euryhaline crabs (Hemigrapsus sexdentatus and H. crenulatus) in dilute seawater reflects osmotic isolation due to impermeability of the egg envelope, as proposed for other decapods, or active osmoregulation. When ovigerous crabs with eggs at gastrula stage were(More)
The recent identification of the mouse White spotting and Steel loci as genes encoding the c-kit receptor and its ligand, respectively, has shed light on the importance of this ligand and receptor in embryogenesis, melanogenesis and hematopoiesis. In order to determine if the c-kit proto-oncogene is involved in human disease, we isolated seven overlapping(More)
Calbindin-D28K (CALB) in the medial basal hypothalamic (MBH) and preoptic area (POA) of male and female fetuses from pregnant rats fed different phytoestrogens diets during gestation was examined by Western analysis. In animals fed a phytoestrogen containing diet (Phyto-200), males displayed significantly higher CALB levels compared to females. Whereas, in(More)
Extant abalone retain an ancestral system of gas exchange consisting of paired bipectinate gills. This paper examines the hypothesis that fundamental inefficiencies of this arrangement led to the extensive radiation observed in prosobranch gas exchange organs. Oxygen uptake at 15 degrees C was examined in the right gill of resting adult blackfoot abalone,(More)
We examined the influence of androgens on fetal medial basal hypothalamic and preoptic area (MBH-POA) calbindin-D28K levels (via Western analysis) by treating pregnant rats with testosterone or flutamide, (an androgen receptor blocker). MBH-POA calbindin-D28K levels were significantly decreased in flutamide-treated male fetuses, whereas, MBH-POA(More)
In Jasus edwardsii (Hutton) the vascular resistance of each of the seven major arterial systems leaving the heart was increased in response to several of the following neurotransmitters and neurohormones: acetylcholine, adrenalin, serotonin, dopamine, octopamine and peptides proctolin and FLRFamide-related peptide F(1). The resistance to flow through the(More)