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We tested a hypothesis that humans can change patterns of finger force covariation in a task-specific manner in preparation to a change in the total force. Subjects performed quick targeted force pulses by pressing with four fingers on force sensors from a certain background force level to a target level. In self-paced trials, finger force modes(More)
We analyzed patterns of covariation among forces produced by the five digits of the human hand during tasks that required the production of a pattern of the total force consisting of ramp-up, constant force, and ramp-down segments with the time of the ramps ranging from 0 to 3000 ms. Patterns of the variance of the total force and the sum of the variances(More)
The purpose of this investigation was to document and quantify age-related differences in the coordination of fingers during a task that required production of an accurate time profile of the total moment of force by the four fingers of a hand. We hypothesized that elderly subjects would show a decreased ability to stabilize a time profile of the total(More)
We tested the ability of healthy elderly persons to use anticipatory synergy adjustments (ASAs) prior to a self-triggered perturbation of one of the fingers during a multifinger force production task. An index of a force-stabilizing synergy was computed reflecting covariation of commands to fingers. The subjects produced constant force by pressing with the(More)
Fitts' law is an empirical rule of thumb which predicts the time it takes people, under time pressure, to reach with some pointer a target of width W located at a distance D. It has been traditionally assumed that the predictor of movement time must be some mathematical transform of the quotient of D/W, called the index of difficulty (ID) of the movement(More)
Running title: Age related changes in accurate moment production tasks. Abstract The purpose of this investigation was to document and quantify age related differences in the coordination of fingers during a task that required production of an accurate time profile of the total moment of force by the four fingers of a hand. We hypothesized that elderly(More)
BACKGROUND Aging is associated with decreased manual dexterity. Recent findings have identified changes in multi-finger synergies in elderly individuals. The purpose of current work was to study age-related changes in adjustments of multi-finger synergies in preparation to a quick targeted force pulse production task. METHODS Right-handed elderly and(More)
We studied the mechanical variables (the grip force and the total moment of force) and multidigit synergies at two levels (the virtual finger-thumb level, VF-TH, and the individual finger level, IMRL) of a hypothetical control hierarchy during accurate rotation of a hand-held instrumented handle. Synergies were defined as covaried changes in elemental(More)
We studied indices of digit interaction in single- and multi-digit maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) tests when the thumb acted either in parallel or in opposition to the fingers. The peak force produced by the thumb was much higher when the thumb acted in opposition to the fingers and its share of the total force in the five-digit MVC test increased(More)
We investigated the effect of 6 wk of strength training on maximal pressing (MVC) force, indexes of finger individuation (enslaving), and performance in accurate force production tests and in functional hand tests in healthy, physically fit, elderly individuals. Twelve participants (average age 76 yr) exercised with both hands. One of the hands exercised by(More)