Halinder S. Mangat

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We assessed muscarinic M(1), M(2) and M(4) receptor subtypes in the hippocampus of Alzheimer's and control brains by receptor autoradiography using ligands such as [(125)I]muscarinic toxin-1 ([(125)I]MT-1, M(1) selective), [(3)H]AFDX-384 (M(2) partially selective) and [(125)I]muscarinic toxin 4 ([(125)I]M(4) toxin-1, M(4) selective). Our results revealed a(More)
Microdialysis enables the chemistry of the extracellular interstitial space to be monitored. Use of this technique in patients with acute brain injury has increased our understanding of the pathophysiology of several acute neurological disorders. In 2004, a consensus document on the clinical application of cerebral microdialysis was published. Since then,(More)
We have evaluated the role of GABA in the control of anterior pituitary (AP) hormone secretion by injecting it into the third ventricle of ovariectomized, ovariectomized-steroid primed and male rats. Specificity of the effects was determined by injecting the GABA blocker, bicuculline. The action of GABA directly on the pituitary was evaluated in vitro. The(More)
Acid Sensing Ion Channels (ASICs) are a family of cation channels expressed principally in neurons and that are activated by protons. The sensitivity of ASICs to acidosis and their distribution in primary sensory neurons points to a significant role of these channels in acid nociception. However, despite the fact that the first ASIC was identified more than(More)
Intravenous magnesium sulphate (MgSO4) has successfully been used in the treatment of acute asthma. The present study investigated the efficacy of nebulized MgSO4 as a bronchodilator in acute asthma as compared to nebulized salbutamol. This was a randomized, double-blind, controlled clinical trial. Asthmatics aged 12-60 yrs in acute exacerbation, with a(More)
SUMMARY Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage is associated with high morbidity and mortality, with delayed neurologic deficits from delayed cerebral ischemia contributing to a large portion of the adverse outcomes in this patient population. There is currently no consensus reference standard for establishing the diagnosis of delayed cerebral ischemia either(More)
OBJECT Increased intracranial pressure (ICP) in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) is associated with a higher mortality rate and poor outcome. Mannitol and hypertonic saline (HTS) have both been used to treat high ICP, but it is unclear which one is more effective. Here, the authors compare the effect of mannitol versus HTS on lowering the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE In recent years CTP has been used as a complementary diagnostic tool in the evaluation of delayed cerebral ischemia and vasospasm. Our aim was to determine the test characteristics of CTP for detecting delayed cerebral ischemia and vasospasm in SAH, and then to apply Bayesian analysis to identify subgroups for its appropriate use. (More)
BACKGROUND Infections after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) may be associated with worse outcomes. We aimed to evaluate the association between nosocomial infections (>48 h) and outcomes of ICH at a population level. METHODS We identified patients with ICH using ICD-9-CM codes in the 2002-2011 Nationwide Inpatient Sample. Demographics, comorbidities,(More)
Perimesencephalic subarachnoid hemorrhage (pSAH) has been described as a distinct form of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) associated with good outcomes. We report a 48-year-old female who developed cerebral infarction due to severe diffuse vasospasm following pSAH. The patient presented with non-aneurysmal pSAH and was discharged home on day 5. However, one(More)